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Brain Stroke

A stroke is an emergency which occurs when either the blood flow to your brain is interrupted, preventing it from getting oxygen and nutrients, causing the death of the brain cells or due to rupture of blood vessels inside the brain leading to brain haemorrhage. Signs and symptoms of a brain stroke include:

  • Trouble in speaking

  • Confusion

  • Paralysis on one side of your body

  • Vision problems including blurred vision, blackened vision, double vision etc.  

  • Headache

  • Vomiting

  • Dizziness

  • Altered consciousness

  • Trouble in walking

  • Imbalance

  • Strokes can be classified as 2 types

Ischaemic stroke: Narrowing or clogging of the blood vessels in the brain due to build-up of fatty deposits causes impaired blood flow (ischaemia) to brain tissue causing cell death

Haemorrhagic stroke: Brain’s blood vessels ruptures and bleeds into the surrounding tissues due to

  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure

  • High cholesterol

  • Uncontrolled high blood glucose levels

  • Cardiovascular diseases

  • Excessive use of anticoagulants/blood thinners

  • Aneurysm (Bulges at weak spots of the blood vessel)

  • Accidents / trauma

  • Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (Protein deposition in blood vessel walls)

  • Ischaemic stroke leading to brain haemorrhage

  • Transient ischemic stroke: Often known as a mini-stroke, the blood flow to the brain is interrupted for less than 5 mins. TIA is associated with a high risk of future stroke.

Based on your symptoms, the following tests are recommended:

  • A physical exam includes checking your heartbeat and blood pressure

  • Blood tests

  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

  • Carotid ultrasound: Blood and build-up of plaques (fatty deposits) in the carotid arteries of your neck are tested using sound waves.  

  • Cerebral angiogram: A dye is injected into your carotid or vertebral artery to get detailed images of arteries in the brain and neck under X-ray imaging.

  • Echocardiogram: Sound waves are used to get detailed images of your heart and find out the source of clots in the heart that may have travelled to your brain that caused the stroke. Visit Manipal for Brain Treatment in Dwarka Delhi.

  • The management of stroke involves quickly establishing optimal blood supply to the brain, urgent evacuation of the bleed if it is significant. To reduce and treat complications such as paralysis and reduce the future risk of a recurrent stroke. Boo an appointment at Manipal for Brain Stroke Treatment.

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