The skull forms our face and the skull base is composed of different openings through which the spinal cord, blood vessels, and nerves enter or come out of the brain. Brain rest on skull base.
A skull base surgery is a highly advanced approach recommended for diagnosing and removing:
Cancerous or non-cancerous tumours
Any abnormalities in the base of the skull.
Growths due to infections
Tumours in the pituitary glands
Cranial base tumours
A minimally invasive surgical approach is used to reach this complicated area that is difficult to view and reach. The skull base is accessed by a microscope or an endoscope through an incision near the skull base like the eyebrows (supra-orbital) or via the nose (trans-nasal), or mouth (trans-oral) to remove the growth. In the traditional or open skull base surgery incisions in the face or scalp is made to remove the growth.
Skull base surgery is becoming increasingly safe due to recent advances and increasing expertise in the field. Advantages of using minimally invasive techniques for skull base surgery include:
Minimal risk of infection
Minimal risk of damage to the brain, nerves, and other structures
Minimal chances of disfigurement