Pulmonology (Respiratory and Sleep Medicine)

Pulmonology (Respiratory and Sleep Medicine)

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Why Manipal?

Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine

Centre of Excellence: Pulmonology


Pulmonology is a medical speciality of internal medicine and is closely linked to intensive care medicine which is related to the respiratory system. Therefore, it is also known as chest medicine, respiratory medicine, or respirology. It deals with causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases affecting the lungs.


Manipal Hospital is the best lung disease hospital in Whitefield, Bangalore covering several diseases and conditions, including ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome), asthma, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), cystic fibrosis, interstitial lung disease, lung cancer, lung transplants, pulmonary hypertension, occupational lung disease, sarcoidosis of the lungs, pulmonary tuberculosis, and SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome).


Manipal Hospital is the best pulmonology hospital in Whitefield, Bangalore comprises an integrated team of highly specialized experts who work in collaboration to care for people of all ages and genders. We use the latest technology to provide exactly the care you need, whether you are an outpatient or admitted with us, including an intensive care unit.


Risk Factors for Pulmonary Diseases


Some key risk factors for pulmonary diseases include:
 

  • Exposure to secondhand smoke

  • Having a family history of the disease

  • Exposure to dangerous chemicals by inhalation

  • Allergies

  • Smoking

  • Being overweight

  • Dust allergy

  • Pollen allergy


Common symptoms of pulmonary infection or respiratory disorders
 

  • Difficulty breathing

  • A bluish color in your lips or fingertips

  • Dry cough

  • Severe chest pain

  • High fever

  • Cough with mucus that is getting worse


Common respiratory disorders
 

  • Asthma

  • Sleep Disorders Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • Nontuberculous Mycobacteria

  • Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

  • Occupational Lung Disease

  • Bronchitis

  • Pulmonary fibrosis

  • Bronchiectasis

  • Rheumatoid lung disease

  • Sarcoidosis


Key Procedures Performed at Manipal Whitefield


Bronchoscopy (Video Bronchoscopy and Rigid Bronchoscopy): Bronchoscopy involves close observation inside the lung airways. The best pulmonologist in Whitefield, Bangalore at Manipal Hospital does this procedure by inserting a bronchoscope tube through your nose or mouth. The bronchoscope is equipped with light and a small camera, and it is sent down the throat into the trachea, and to the bronchi and bronchioles of the lungs. This procedure is aimed at finding the cause of a lung ailment.


The procedure is performed by video bronchoscope or rigid bronchoscope. Video bronchoscopy is more common than rigid bronchoscopy. Before the procedure, patients are provided with medicine for relaxation. Often, liquid medicine is also given to patients numb the nose and throat.


For patients with low blood oxygen levels during the procedure, oxygen therapy is used. If the condition involves a lot of bleeding in the lungs or if a big object is stuck in the airway, patients are prescribed with rigid bronchoscopy which is performed at a hospital operation theatre under general anaesthesia.


Medical Thoracoscopy: Medical thoracoscopy is the second most critically important endoscopic technique in respiratory medicine, after bronchoscopy. This procedure is commonly used by chest physicians and is regarded as one of the primary areas of interventional pulmonology. Medical thoracoscopy can be performed in an endoscopy setting after administering local anaesthesia or conscious sedation, using non-disposable rigid or semi-flexible (semi-rigid) instruments. Thus, medical thoracoscopy is considerably less invasive and less expensive.


CT/USG Guided Lung Biopsy: CT (computed tomography) guided lung biopsy is usually performed for the diagnosis of suspicious lung, pleural or mediastinal lesions. It is performed as an outpatient where patient monitoring and complications support are available. Some lung and pleural biopsies are also performed under ultrasound guidance (USG) in specific circumstances. The US-guided biopsy is gaining popularity and has the advantage of multi-planar imaging, real-time technique, and the absence of radiation exposure to patients.


Tube Thoracostomy: Tube thoracostomy is the insertion of a tube (chest tube) into the pleural cavity to drain blood, bile, air, pus, or other fluids. 


Thoracocentesis: It is an invasive procedure to remove fluid or air from the pleural space for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. A cannula (hollow needle), is carefully placed into the thorax, generally after administration of local anesthesia.


Pleurodesis: It is a technique aimed at sticking the membranes around the lungs together. Pleurodesis prevents the concentration of fluid in the space between the membranes (pleural space). The procedure is performed for patients with conditions of severe outpourings of fluid around the lungs to prevent the reaccumulation of the fluid.


Holistic Pulmonary Care at Manipal Whitefield


At Manipal, lung treatment hospital at Whitefield, Bangalore, we look at lung care with a holistic approach. We offer a full range of treatment and services for all kinds of ailments of the lungs, round the clock. We perform advanced procedures like pleurodesis, transbronchial biopsy, bronchoscopic endobronchial biopsy, bronchoalveolar lavage, medical thoracoscopic pleural biopsy, bronchial wash, and CT/USG guided lung parenchymal biopsy.


We are equipped with state-of-art infrastructure and equipment like video bronchoscope (pentaux) and a medical thoracoscopy (karl store) for providing the best treatment. Our expert team consisting of pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine clinicians have years of experience in accurately diagnosing and treating all types of diseases and conditions. The team has expertise in treating all conditions that affect the lungs and breathing, including very rare conditions. They work closely with highly trained support staff and respiratory therapists. The team of clinicians also leverages the latest and most advanced equipment and minimally invasive techniques to provide patients with the best treatment outcomes.


The support staff is adept in utilizing close state of the art life support systems, ventilators, central venous monitoring, and coordination with many sub-specialists. The team of pulmonary medicine experts works closely with colleagues who specialize in the varied field and develops a personalized care plan considering the individual needs of specific patients.

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Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine

Facilities & Services

Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine

FAQ's

Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive tests that show how well the lungs are working. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information can help your healthcare provider diagnose and decide the treatment of certain lung disorders.

Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine

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