Organ transplant is the last treatment option that a doctor suggests in case of chronic illnesses, organ failures or birth defects. It is done by surgically replacing the diseased organ with a healthy one, donated either through a cadaver or living donor. At Manipal Hospital Whitefield, our specialised team of organ transplant surgeons are adept at performing heart, kidney, liver, pancreas, lung and bone marrow transplant on patients, irrespective of their age. A complicated and challenging field of clinical study and specialisation, organ transplant is not only about replacing a diseased organ with a healthy one. Factors such as rejection of the organ post-transplant, monitoring the immune system post organ transplant surgery, and most importantly, finding the right donor and recipient match need to be considered.
Organ donation and transplant involves a series of clinical tests to determine the right donor for the compatible recipient. Cadaver organ donation takes place when the functioning organs (heart, liver, lungs, kidneys and pancreas) and tissues (skin, bones, corneas and tendons) are harvested from a brain-dead person, mostly in cases of accidental deaths. Brain death cannot be reversed, where all brain functions permanently stop even if the person is kept on ventilator support. This, however, gives the family of the donor to consider organ donation and find a suitable recipient for the organ in need. On the other hand, in a living donor case, mostly family members and the same blood group, are approached only with the aim of reducing the chances of transplant rejection. Other factors include age, organ transplant history, other ailments and current health condition during the time of transplant. Upon confirmation from the doctor, the process of harvesting the organ and transplant is done including regular monitoring of health pre and post-surgery.
At Manipal Hospital, we have the leading organ transplant department in Whitefield, Bangalore with a dedicated highly skilled, internationally trained and expert organ transplant surgery team working closely with patients, family members to discuss and explain every detail related to the surgery. Be it pre-surgery health monitoring to post-surgery transplant care, lifestyle modifications, the organ transplant team explains the most appropriate treatment approach and post-operative care. This is what establishes Manipal Hospital Whitefield’s supreme positioning in the organ transplant space. Manipal is among the top hospitals in Whitefield due to the following reasons
1. Heart Transplant – Not a common case, a heart transplant is recommended as a treatment option only when the person is suffering from severe heart problems or defects. A heart transplant can only be done from a brain-dead patient, mostly found in cases of accidents. The surgeons replace the damaged heart with a functioning one. One needs to follow strict transplant guidelines when it’s a heart transplant and is carried out by a team of senior and highly skilled and specialised transplant cardiothoracic surgeons. The patient’s vital signs need to be monitored every moment throughout and post the transplant process to check for complications. The donation of a heart as an organ isn’t common and there is a serious scarcity, thus adding to the criticality of the transplant process done annually.
2. Liver Transplant – A liver transplant is suggested as a treatment option in cases of chronic liver disease, liver cirrhosis or end-stage liver disease, hepatitis B or C or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. To take control of the life-threatening situation, the doctors remove the unhealthy and diseased liver with a portion of a healthy liver donated by a living donor or a complete liver from a cadaver donor. The success rate of liver transplant surgery is comparatively high and patients are known to have extended their life by at least 5 years.
3. Kidney Transplant – Kidney diseases and failure are common today and are known to affect a large part of the population globally. Kidneys help filtration of toxin from the blood and keep an electrolyte balance to allow the body to function properly. In cases of kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplant is suggested. When dialysis also is ruled out by the doctors owing to an overall deteriorating health condition, kidney organ transplant surgery is recommended. In most cases, only the kidney is replaced and is taken from a living donor, either close kin or relative or another donor with blood group compatibility to avoid transplant rejection or both kidneys in some cases. Doctors prefer not to suggest transplant surgery for patients with heart ailments, cancer, or hepatitis.
4. Pancreas Transplant – Pancreas transplants are seldom done in isolation, and are usually done along with kidney transplantation. It is a known fact that kidney failure occurs due to Type 1 diabetes and is the leading cause of suggesting kidney transplant surgery and in most cases, the pancreas too especially when it fails to produce adequate amounts of insulin. The organs that are transplanted are mostly taken from the same deceased person. However, if the kidney has been donated by a living donor such as the recipient’s relative, in such a case, the pancreas is taken from a deceased donor. In certain cases, kidney and pancreas transplantation is suggested for Type 2 diabetes patients.
5. Lung Transplant – Lungs are vital and a rare organ for transplantation due to a lack of available donors. Healthy lungs can only be transplanted from a deceased person and the process of transplantation is highly dependent on factors such as rejection, finding a suitable donor and avoiding chances of any immune problems post-transplantation. Our highly skilled team of organ transplant surgeons and pulmonologists take adequate measures to ensure that any patient in need of a lung transplant is immediately attended to if a healthy organ has been donated and is available for transplantation.
6. Bone Marrow Transplant – Through this type of transplant, an unhealthy marrow is replaced with healthy bone marrow. The patient needs to undergo chemotherapy before the transplant process, either with or without radiation. This is done to destroy all infected blood-forming cells and marrow. The healthy cells that are transplanted get into the bloodstream into the marrow, to start making platelets, healthy blood cells, and white blood cells. With Bone Marrow Transplants, aplastic anaemia, leukaemia, lymphoma like blood cancers and other genetic or immune diseases such as sickle cell disease can be treated.