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Abdominal pain in children is the most common complaint. Approximately 33% of the children visit doctors with abdominal pain by the time they complete 15 years of age. Fortunately, most cases of abdominal pain are not serious and can be managed easily. Acute abdominal pain is a pain that exists for a short duration. Acute abdominal pain generally requires immediate medical intervention and diagnosis of the cause.
The liver is essential and one of the busiest organs in the human body. It is considered as a vital organ for human survival because of its role in various metabolic and synthetic processes. The cells of the liver are known as hepatocytes and the hepatocytes are responsible for performing functions of the liver. Liver diseases either prevent the hepatocytes from performing their functions or damage them.
Endoscopy is the process used to diagnose and treat various gastrointestinal diseases. During endoscopy, the gastroenterologists insert a tube, with light and camera at the tip, to view GIT. When the tube is inserted thorough mouth, the process is known as upper endoscopy and when inserted from the rectum, the process is known as lower endoscopy or colonoscopy.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic condition common in children. It has been estimated that almost 25% of all the cases of IBD occur in children. Two types of IBD are Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Both types of IBD have specific characteristics and have different treatment regimens. However, when the clinical features fail to distinguish between the two types, the condition is termed as indeterminate colitis. IBD is characterized by inflammation and swelling in the lower part of the gastrointestinal tract i.e. the colon and rectum.