Dr. Aneeta Talwar. Consultant Gynaecologist & Obstetrician , Manipal Hospital Whitefield talks about #CervicalCancer #causes, symptoms, tests, vaccine and many more.
Dr. Aneeta Talwar, Consultant - Obstetrician and Gynaecologist elaborates on the measures taken by Manipal Hospitals Whitefield for the safety and well-being of their patients
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or commonly referred to as pelvic inflammation occurs when the female reproductive organs are infected by sexually transmitted bacteria. The bacteria that spreads through the vagina, can affect the ovaries, uterus and the fallopian tubes. Due to the inflammation, women may face chronic pelvic pain or experience difficulties in getting pregnant.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is commonly known as the silent killer for women. Since the symptoms are mild and go unnoticed most of the times, women, especially teenagers, are found affected by pelvic inflammatory disease every year. It is also one of the main causes of infertility or tubal or ectopic pregnancies when left untreated.
Pelvic inflammatory disease, if left untreated, can cause scars and abscesses in the reproductive tract, leading to damages in the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. Due to this scar, the fertilized eggs are prevented from moving to the uterus, thus resulting in implanting in the fallopian tube itself, causing ectopic or tubal pregnancy. Pelvic inflammation can also cause severe pelvic pain that can last for months or in some cases, for years. Women also complain of pain during ovulation or intercourse, mainly due to the scar in the reproductive organs. The abscess or the pus in the reproductive tract caused due to pelvic inflammation, if not treated on time, can cause life-threatening damage.
Since the primary cause of pelvic inflammation is sexually transmitted infection, women with multiple sexual partners are at greater risk of PID. Teenagers leading a sexually active life are found to be a higher risk than older women. Even women who have had PID in the past or have developed other sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia or gonorrhea are also at risk.
The common signs and symptoms that you may experience if you have pelvic inflammation include pain in your lower abdomen or stomach, irregular menstrual cycle, yellow or green colour vaginal discharge with a foul odour, spotting throughout the month, fever and chills, nausea, vomiting and pain during intercourse. These symptoms may be mild in nature and in some cases, difficult to identify. Many women do not experience any of these symptoms. Hence, it is advisable to consult a doctor and take a thorough gynecological examination even if the symptoms are mild. Painful urination or abnormal vaginal discharge can also be symptoms for sexually transmitted infection. Consult your doctor immediately if the signs occur to prevent the development of the pelvic inflammatory disease.
It is important to consult a gynaecologist as you grow into your teenage years, mainly around 13 to 15 years. Around this time, have an annual check-up scheduled with your doctor that focuses on your reproductive organs, to help you understand any abnormalities in your menstrual cycle or vaginal discharge, abdominal pain and clarify your doubts about sexual activities.
The leading cause of death, globally, for women, is breast cancer. While women are more self-aware of the disease and the causes, it is highly recommended that they go for mammography, the standard screening approach for breast cancer starting 40 years. Experts, however, suggest that the decision to undergo mammography should depend on factors such as age, personal and family history of breast cancer, breast density and any abnormalities felt during self-examination. Women in their 30s have dense breasts that can easily obscure any underlying abnormalities during screening. It is essential for women in their 30s to consult their doctors to assess any indication of breast cancer and discuss the right age for mammography, unless she has a genetic inclination of breast cancer. It is also important for every woman, starting in their 20s, to learn self-examination of breasts and report any abnormality to her doctor.
In case you miss taking your birth control or contraceptive pills for 2 or 3 days consecutively, try to return back to the normal schedule at the earliest. Take your pill as per your usual scheduled time. However, try not to take a seven-day break. If you had unprotected sex, consider emergency contraception pills to safeguard yourself from any likely chances of pregnancies. Use condoms or stay away from sex until you are back in your normal schedule.
It is difficult to examine properly during a menstrual cycle for the gynaecologist and is not recommended usually. As far as possible, try to maintain a period calendar, mark your menstrual days and schedule your appointment with your doctor accordingly. It will be effective for both you and the doctor.
While there are many reasons for infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease is considered one of the leading causes. When the sexually transmitted bacteria travel through the fallopian tubes, there are high chances of inflammation to occur, which in turn can cause scar tissues to form there. These tissues act as blockages for the sperm to fertilize an egg, thus leading to tubal or ectopic pregnancy or makes it difficult to get pregnant. With the help of proper and timely fertility treatment, women with PID can still get pregnant.