Dr. Nitti Kapoor Kaushal

Consultant - Neurology

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Dr. Nitti Kapoor Kaushal

Consultant - Neurology

Manipal Hospitals, Patiala

Epilepsy: What It Is, Risks, And Treatment

Posted On: Nov 24, 2023

blogs read 4 Min Read

Epilepsy It's Risks & Treatment

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that causes seizures. Seizures are sudden, uncontrolled changes in brain activity that can cause a variety of symptoms, including changes in consciousness, movement, sensation, or behaviour.

Risks of Epilepsy

There are several epilepsy risk factors for developing epilepsy, including:

  • Brain Injury or Infection

Epilepsy can be caused by brain damage from a head injury, stroke, tumour, or infection.

  • Genetic Factors

Epilepsy can run in families, suggesting that there is a genetic component to the disorder.

  • Developmental Disorders

Epilepsy is more common in people with certain developmental disorders, such as cerebral palsy and autism spectrum disorder.

  • Other Medical Conditions

Epilepsy can also be caused by other medical conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis.

Treatment for Epilepsy

The main goal of epilepsy treatment is to control seizures and prevent them from happening altogether. There are several different treatment options available, including:

  • Anti-epileptic Drugs (AEDs)

AEDs are the most common treatment for epilepsy. They work by altering the electrical activity of the brain to make it less likely to have a seizure treatment.

  • Surgery

Epilepsy Surgery may be an option for people who have epilepsy that is not well-controlled with AEDs. Surgery involves removing the part of the brain that is causing the seizures.

  • Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)

VNS is a type of brain stimulation therapy that can help control seizures. It involves implanting a small device under the skin of the chest that delivers electrical impulses to the vagus nerve.

  • Dietary Therapy

Certain diets, such as the ketogenic diet, can help reduce epileptic seizures in some people with epilepsy.

It is advisable to consult a multispecialty hospital for treatment of such conditions, Manipal Hospitals Patiala is equipped with advanced medical technologies and the best neurosurgeon and neurologist in Patiala to help you find the best treatment plan suitable for your health. Which treatment is right for you will depend on several factors, including the type of epilepsy you have, the severity of your seizures, and other medical conditions you may have.

Living with Epilepsy

Epilepsy can be a challenging condition to live with, but it is important to remember that you are not alone. There are many resources available to help you manage your epilepsy and live a full and active life.

Here are some tips for living with epilepsy:

  • Take your medications as prescribed

This is the most important thing you can do to control your seizures.

  • Get regular checkups with your doctor

This will help you monitor your seizures and adjust your treatment as needed.

  • Get enough sleep

Sleep deprivation can be a seizure trigger.

  • Avoid stress

Stress can also trigger seizures.

  • Be aware of your seizure triggers

There may be certain things that trigger your seizures, such as flashing lights, loud noises, or certain foods. Avoid these triggers as much as possible.

  • Have a seizure action plan in place

This plan should tell your family and friends what to do if you have a seizure.

If you have epilepsy, or a loved one suffering from this condition, it is important to have a support system in place. Talk to your family and friends about your epilepsy so they can understand what is happening and how they can help. There are various kinds of clinical support and help available, Manipal Hospitals Patiala has experienced neurologists and psychologists to bring the best care to their patients and caregiver families to promote healthy recovery and treatment plans. Book an appointment or visit your nearest Manipal Hospitals to avail the best neurology care in your city. 

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