Physical therapy plays a critical part in the parkinson and stroke rehabilitation treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore to help patients stay independent and active for as long as it can be done.
In Parkinson disease, physical therapy helps to,
Improve coordination and balance
Reduce freezing episodes
Reduce muscle stiffness
Since physical therapy reduces pain and makes motor skills better, it aids with a patient’s regular activities, for example, climbing stairs, rising from a chair, getting into and out of a car.
With therapy, fatigue, anxiety, and depression can also be removed. It aids to remove mobility impairing problems, such as joint pain.
It is recommended that evidence-based physical therapy must begin at the earliest. Exercise will induce neuroplasticity, the ability of the brain to adapt as a response to behavioural changes, and also keeps the cells of the brain healthy.
Common Goals of the Therapy
Individually tailored exercise routines that are research-based are created to achieve certain common and some specific goals of the patient.
Common goals of Parkinson disease patients are,
Empowering persons to independently manage the disease.
Reacting to new symptoms by employing physical activity.
Improving movement, posture, and balance
Addressing the risk of falling
Complete daily tasks with less pain
Physical Therapies for Parkinson’s Disease
1. Amplitude Training
This training reduces hypokinesia and bradykinesia. It uses exaggerated movements, like taking high steps and swinging of the arms. With amplitude training muscles remain retained and it prevents slow and small movements.
2. Reciprocal Movements
These are movements done simultaneously in opposite directions, such as walking and swinging arms. Such movements can be hampered by Parkinson's disease leading to balance issues.
It could be done by using a stationary bicycle or elliptical machine for strengthening of reciprocal patterns. Dancing and practicing tai chi are also used.
3. Balance Training
The body is balanced by the brain by using input from ears, eyes, joints, and muscles. Balance training will prevent falls and improve gait.
Stretching improves flexibility and decreases stiffness of the muscles. It aids in performing everyday movements, such as lifting, bending, and walking.
Joint moving muscles usually tighten due to Parkinson's disease. Stretching routines are, therefore recommended for targeting the following,
Elbows and shoulders
Knees and hamstrings
Palms and wrists
5. Strength Training
Muscle strength is critical for being independent and remaining active. Muscles are strengthened by,
Using weight machines
Using resistance bands
Muscles can be made stronger at any stage of deterioration.
Muscles that will need to be strengthened for improved posture, better endurance, and relieving motor symptoms are,
5. Dual-Task Practice
Some such activities are counting while walking, walking while bouncing a ball, walking while naming objects. This will help to perform 2 tasks at the same time and improve balance skills.
Consult with a team of specialised doctors at Manipal Hospitals to know more about treatments.