Physiotherapy for Joint Injuries
Any of the body joints can contract an injury. Joints enable movement between bones and are therefore prone to injury. There are various causes for joint injuries. The quality and range of movement and the strength at the joint will be affected if there is an injury. Generally, joint injury comes with one, a combination of, or all of the following issues,
Decreased movement range
Types of Joint Injuries
Joint injuries can occur at any joint within the body. The different types of joint injuries are,
Traumatic: Dislocation, fracture, sprain ligament tear / sprain
Overuse: Muscle strain, muscle tendonitis
Rheumatic: Rheumatoid arthritis
Within the joint, the following can get damaged,
Muscle and muscles tendons
Grades of Joint Injuries
Grade 1: Minor sprain
Grade 2: Moderate sprain that comes with ligament laxity
Grade 3: Complete rupture / tear
Physiotherapy Treatment for Joint Injuries
Physiotherapy for a joint can help to,
Introduce strategies for self-management
What Physiotherapy Treatments Can be Expected for Joint Injuries?
Some commonly employed treatments for joint pain are,
Mobilising the joint and the soft tissue surrounding it
Physiotherapy for Muscle Injuries
What is a Muscle Strain?
Muscle strain results from damage that has been caused by over-stretching the muscle tissue. When the muscle tissue is overloaded, it comes to a breaking point that leads to a partial or full tear. This causes persistent pain if the muscle is contracted or stretched.
Severity of Muscle Strain
Grade 1: Individual muscle fibres (>5%) are damaged
Grade 2: Damage is more extensive than grade 1, and a higher number of muscle fibres are involved, and the muscle is not ruptured completely.
Grade 3: The muscle is completely ruptured.
If it is ignored, a grade 1 sprain can turn into a grade 2 or grade 3 sprain.
How Do Muscles Heal?
The process of healing of a muscle strain starts with the inflammatory response that can be present between 3 and 5 days. At this time the injured part must be protected and rested so that further damage is prevented which is the part of joint and muscle pain treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore. At the time of the inflammatory reaction, cells and chemicals are produced by the body that remove dead muscle fibres and begin the process of repair. There are three stages in the process of repair,
Muscle Fibre Regeneration: This is done by growing new muscle fibres from special cells in the muscle.
Scar Tissue Formation: Bleeding occurs in the gap between the muscle ends that have been torn and the blood creates a scaffold that anchors together the two ends. The scaffold makes a scar in the muscle itself so that the muscle becomes more resistant to more damage due to being stretched.
ScarTtissue Maturation: Collagen fibres made of scar tissues, begin to get aligned in the line of stretch and stress so as to stand up to greater force.
Treatment of Muscle Injuries
Foremost, the injury needs to be saved against any more damage, it is to be rested, iced compressed, and it is to be kept elevated. This will decrease any bleeding in the muscle tissue. Ice therapy must be provided for three days post the injury. After three days, gradually start stretching the muscle and progressively raise the muscle strengthening program. Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals to know more about treatments with the help of best doctors in Bangalore.