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Joint and Muscle Pain

Joint and Muscle Pain treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore

Physiotherapy for Joint Injuries

Any of the body joints can contract an injury.  Joints enable movement between bones and are therefore prone to injury.  There are various causes for joint injuries. The quality and range of movement and the strength at the joint will be affected if there is an injury. Generally, joint injury comes with one, a combination of, or all of the following issues,

  • Bruising

  • Decreased movement range

  • Pain

  • Swelling

Types of Joint Injuries

Joint injuries can occur at any joint within the body. The different types of joint injuries are,

  • Traumatic: Dislocation, fracture, sprain ligament tear / sprain

  • Overuse:  Muscle strain, muscle tendonitis

  • Infections

  • Rheumatic: Rheumatoid arthritis

Within the joint, the following can get damaged,

  • Bones

  • Cartilage

  • Joint capsule

  • Ligaments

  • Muscle and muscles tendons

  • Nerves

Grades of Joint Injuries

Grade 1: Minor sprain

Grade 2: Moderate sprain that comes with ligament laxity

Grade 3: Complete rupture / tear

Physiotherapy Treatment for Joint Injuries

Physiotherapy for a joint can help to,

  • Optimise healing

  • Decrease swelling

  • Reduce pain

  • Introduce strategies for self-management

What Physiotherapy Treatments Can be Expected for Joint Injuries?

Some commonly employed treatments for joint pain are,

  • Acupuncture

  • Anti-inflammatory strategies.

  • Balance exercises

  • Ice therapy 

  • Mobilising the joint and the soft tissue surrounding it

  • Proprioceptive exercises

  • Strength exercises

Physiotherapy for Muscle Injuries

What is a Muscle Strain?

Muscle strain results from damage that has been caused by over-stretching the muscle tissue. When the muscle tissue is overloaded, it comes to a breaking point that leads to a partial or full tear. This causes persistent pain if the muscle is contracted or stretched.

Severity of Muscle Strain

Grade 1: Individual muscle fibres (>5%) are damaged

Grade 2: Damage is more extensive than grade 1, and a higher number of muscle fibres are involved, and the muscle is not ruptured completely. 

Grade 3: The muscle is completely ruptured. 

If it is ignored, a grade 1 sprain can turn into a grade 2 or grade 3 sprain.

How Do Muscles Heal?

The process of healing of a muscle strain starts with the inflammatory response that can be present between 3 and 5 days. At this time the injured part must be protected and rested so that further damage is prevented which is the part of joint and muscle pain treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore. At the time of the inflammatory reaction, cells and chemicals are produced by the body that remove dead muscle fibres and begin the process of repair. There are three stages in the process of repair,

  1. Muscle Fibre Regeneration: This is done by growing new muscle fibres from special cells in the muscle.

  2. Scar Tissue Formation: Bleeding occurs in the gap between the muscle ends that have been torn and the blood creates a scaffold that anchors together the two ends. The scaffold makes a scar in the muscle itself so that the muscle becomes more resistant to more damage due to being stretched.

  3. ScarTtissue Maturation: Collagen fibres made of scar tissues, begin to get aligned in the line of stretch and stress so as to stand up to greater force.

Treatment of Muscle Injuries

Foremost, the injury needs to be saved against any more damage, it is to be rested, iced compressed, and it is to be kept elevated. This will decrease any bleeding in the muscle tissue. Ice therapy must be provided for three days post the injury.  After three days, gradually start stretching the muscle and progressively raise the muscle strengthening program. Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals to know more about treatments with the help of best doctors in Bangalore. 

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