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Psychological Measures, Such as Biofeedback and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Psychological Measures treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore

Psychological Measures treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore are often applied to help patients deal with chronic pain, and a psychologist can help patients suffering from pain by using various psychological measures. Earlier, the role of psychology in pain management was not crucial. But, in modern times, psychological measures have also been proven effective in pain management. 

Some of the standard psychological measures have been discussed below,

Biofeedback

Biofeedback refers to the body's information conveyed to the patients. "Bio" refers to the body, and "feedback" refers to information fed to the patient. Biofeedback aims to make the patient aware of the psychophysiological process. The fight or flight response is applied to all parts of the nervous system. The response takes place when an individual has severe stress. When the stressor activates the response, the nervous system starts some activities like sweating, increased heart rate, muscular strength etc. These activities prepare the patients to face or avoid the stressor.

When the patients receive information about their biological condition, including breathing, temperature, heart function and brainwaves, they can heal by applying the self-management process. Thus biofeedback helps patients to manage their pain by feeding them information about their biological condition.

Types of Biofeedback Instruments

There are different types of biofeedback instruments. Most patients are well aware of some standard biofeedback instruments like thermometers, monitoring of blood pressure, the monitor to measure heart rate etc. Some other biofeedback instruments are thermistors, electrodermograph, pneumographs etc.

How Can Biofeedback Help a Patient?

Biofeedback can help the patient in the following ways,

  • In the first stage, the patients are provided information to make them aware of problematic physical responses.

  • In the second stage, the therapists train the patients to control their physical responses using biofeedback signals.

  • Finally, the patient can control the physical responses themselves without the help of biofeedback.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, also known as CBT, helps patients learn the skill to change their negative behaviour and thoughts. CBT is also known as talk therapy. Since the individuals create the experience, they can manage pain by changing their awareness. We experience pain through our brains. CBT helps us persuade our brain and help us cope with the pain, although we have the same pain level. This therapy has been considered better than other treatment methods as you will have complete control over your mind to manage the pain.

How does Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Work?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy provides relief from pain in the following ways.

  • Include Homework 

CBT allows the patient to manage pain by involving home assignments like keeping track of thoughts and feelings related to the pain. Each assignment is reviewed in each session, and a new plan is built for the following sessions.

  • Provides Life Skill

CBT provides many life skills to cope with the pain, and these skills are also helpful for managing stress, anxiety and pain.

  • Self-help

Even if you have not found a good therapist to help you with pain management, you can take some measures recommended by CBT and manage your pain effectively.  

Consult with the specialised doctors at Manipal Hospitals to know more about treatments.

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