Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) is a safe procedure for abortion, and this procedure is also known as abortion. Various methods are used under this procedure to terminate the pregnancy within the initial weeks. When some medicines are used to conduct the abortion is known as Medical Termination of Pregnancy.
Why is MTP performed?
There may be many reasons for performing MTP. These are
If the pregnancy leads to a risk to the mother’s health
Occurrence of miscarriage
If the pregnancy is not wanted
Before carrying out the procedure
Before carrying out the MTP procedure, the doctor will conduct a test to confirm the age of the pregnancy. If there is no critical condition like anaemia or sexually transmitted disease, you can undergo the procedure on the doctor's advice. Book an appointment at our multi-specialty hospital today.
What is the Procedure of MTP?
MTP or abortion can be carried out by applying two different methods. One is medical, and another is surgical.
Medical abortion is carried out by prescribing some medicines. This procedure is applicable before nine weeks of pregnancy, and you will have to take some MTP medications. After one week of taking these tablets, the doctor will examine the conditions to check whether the complete abortion has been carried out or not.
If the pregnancy has crossed nine months, abortion is possible through surgery. Typically, two types of surgical methods are followed to perform an abortion. One method is Suction, which can be performed until 15 weeks of pregnancy, and another is Dilatation and Evacuation, which can be performed upto 24 weeks.
Eligibility to undergo MTP
You will have to fulfil certain conditions before undergoing the MTP method. A woman who wants to experience an MTP procedure
Should be in the early stages of pregnancy, i.e., upto nine weeks.
Only in exceptional circumstances can a woman undergo MTP upto 24 weeks of pregnancy.
Who is not eligible to undergo MTP?
Sometimes, you may not be able to undergo MTP in case of any critical condition. If you have the following conditions, you may not be eligible to undergo MTP.
If you have anaemia or blood disorder
If you have high blood pressure or heart disease, or kidney disease
If the age of your pregnancy has crossed 20 weeks
If you use an intrauterine device
Who can perform MTP?
The law has empowered to conduct MTP procedure only the following persons:
A registered medical practitioner who has completed at least 25 terminations
A surgeon who is trained in obstetrics/gynaecology
An obstetrician gynaecologist having a minimum of three years of experience
You should follow your physicians' instructions once you have undergone the Medical Termination of Pregnancy. If you have to undergo a surgical procedure, you should take a rest and strictly follow all the instructions of th physician. You should consult your gynaecologist if you have a fever, vaginal bleeding, or vomiting. Visit our Gynaecology hospital in Hebbal, Bangalore to know more about the treatment.
Is MTP legal in India?
Abortion or MTP procedure is legal in India. Abortion is governed by the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971. Under this act, abortion is allowed in case of some exceptional circumstances within 20 weeks of pregnancy, known as a gestational period. The MTP procedure is permitted when
Pregnancy may lead to a risk in the life of the pregnant woman
The infant born out of the pregnancy involves risk