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Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney ailment that causes your body to excrete an excessive amount of protein in your urine.
Damage to the clusters of tiny blood vessels in your kidneys that filter waste and excess water from your blood is frequently the cause of the nephrotic syndrome. The disorder causes swelling, particularly in your feet and ankles, and raises your chance of developing other health issues.
The kidneys comprise around a million filtering units known as nephrons. Each nephron has a filter called the glomerulus as well as a tubule. The glomerulus filters your blood, while the tubule restores necessary elements to your blood while removing wastes and excess water, which becomes urine. Nephrotic syndrome occurs when the glomeruli become inflamed, causing too much protein from your blood to escape into your urine.
Nephrotic syndrome can result from a variety of illnesses and disorders, including,
Diabetes-related kidney disease- Diabetes can cause kidney damage (diabetic nephropathy), affecting the glomeruli.
A disease with minimal alteration is children's most prevalent cause of the nephrotic syndrome. Minimal change illness causes impaired kidney function, although the kidney tissue appears normal or almost normal when inspected under a microscope. Typically, the reason for the aberrant function cannot be discovered.
Glomerulosclerosis with focal segmentation- This syndrome, characterised by scarring of portions of the glomeruli, can be caused by another disease, a genetic abnormality, or particular drugs, or it might arise for no known reason.
Membranous nephropathy- Thickened membranes within the glomeruli cause this kidney condition. Immune system deposits are what drive the thickening. It can happen without apparent cause and can be linked to other illnesses such as cancer, hepatitis B, malaria, and lupus.
Lupus erythematosus systemic- This ongoing inflammatory condition has the potential to harm the kidneys seriously.
Amyloidosis- Amyloid protein buildup in your organs causes this illness. An accumulation of amyloid frequently harms the kidneys' filtration abilities.
If detected, there are a few unusual signs, which can be signals for being affected by nephrotic syndrome. Some of the symptoms of the condition are as follows,
High blood pressure
Foot and hand swelling, as well as swelling around the eyes
Weight increase accompanied by fluid retention and oedema
Infection symptoms such as fever or an increased white blood cell count
Swelling and discomfort are caused by blood clots when the blood thickens
Foamy urine is caused by protein loss from the body into the urine
Nephrotic syndrome symptoms might mimic those of other medical diseases or disorders. For a diagnosis, always consult with your healthcare physician.
The ailment-producing nephrotic syndrome must be treated, and medicine must be taken. Your risk of infections and blood clots can increase if you have nephrotic syndrome. To avoid issues, your doctor may suggest medications and dietary modifications to get Nephrotic Syndrome treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, oral or intravenous diuretics, and fluid and sodium restriction should all be part of the treatment plan for most patients. Despite the lack of research, some adults with nephrotic syndrome may benefit from corticosteroid therapy. Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals to know more about treatments with the help of best nephrologists in Bangalore.
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