Acute and chronic nephritis

Acute and chronic nephritis treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore

Nephritis is an inflammation of the nephrons, the functional components of the kidneys. This inflammation, also known as glomerulonephritis, can immensely damage kidney function and give rise to various physical problems.

Several varieties of nephritis have various causes that impact the human body in multiple ways and are caused by numerous variables. While some forms begin unexpectedly, others develop as part of a chronic illness and require continuing therapy; in certain situations, they are hereditary.


Nephritis, or the condition of inflammation of the kidneys in humans,s is most commonly caused by autoimmune disorders that affect major organs. However, it can also be caused by infection. Nephritis can cause increased protein excretion in the urine and fluid buildup in the body. It can affect people of various ages, but the reason varies depending on whether the person is a kid or an adult. In children, nephritis is frequently caused by streptococcus bacterium infections, but in adults, it is commonly caused by vasculitis, pneumonia, or hepatitis.


Nephritis can be classified into several categories based on severity and other criteria. Among the several forms of nephritis are,

  • Acute glomerulonephritis develops rapidly after a severe illness, such as strep throat, hepatitis, or HIV.

Lupus and other uncommon illnesses, such as vasculitides and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), can potentially cause acute kidney inflammation. During a flare-up, a person with these illnesses will require immediate medical intervention to avoid kidney damage.

  • Lupus nephritis is an autoimmune illness in which the immune system incorrectly assaults healthy tissues in the body.

Over half of all people with lupus eventually develop lupus nephritis, according to Trusted Source. When the immune system targets the kidneys, this happens.

Acute nephritis

Acute nephritic syndrome is a collection of symptoms associated with certain illnesses that produce swelling and inflammation of the glomeruli in the kidney, also known as glomerulonephritis.

The glomerulus's function is hampered by inflammation. This section of the kidney filters blood to produce urine and eliminate waste. As a result, blood and protein are detected in the urine, and extra fluid accumulates in the body.

Chronic Nephritis

Almost all types of acute glomerulonephritis develop into chronic glomerulonephritis. The syndrome is characterised by permanent and progressive glomerular and tubulointerstitial fibrosis, which eventually leads to decreased GFR and retention of uremic toxins. Chronic kidney disease (CKD), end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and cardiovascular disease are the eventual outcomes if disease progression is not stopped by medication. Chronic glomerulonephritis is the third largest cause of CKD, accounting for around 10% of all dialysis patients.


Some types of glomerulonephritis may not be preventable. However, the following actions may be helpful:

  • Seek immediate treatment if you have a strep infection, sore throat, or impetigo.

  • Follow safe sex practices and avoid intravenous drug use to prevent infections that can lead to some kinds of glomerulonephritis, such as HIV and hepatitis.

  • Controlling high blood pressure reduces the probability of kidney damage caused by hypertension.

  • Maintain a healthy blood sugar level to help avoid diabetic nephropathy.

Contact at Manipal Hospitals to get the best acute and chronic nephritis treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore with the help of best nephrologists in Bangalore. 

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