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Cytology

Cytology treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore

Cytology treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore is the study of individual body cells, as opposed to histology, which is the study of entire human tissue. Strictly speaking, cytology is the study of normal cells. In contrast, cytopathology is the examination of cells in the setting of sickness, which is what we'll be discussing, but "cytology" is sometimes used as shorthand for both, so that's what we'll do here. The human body comprises millions of cells, which can be taken and examined under a microscope after proper preparation to aid in diagnosing medical disorders.

Scope

This entails inspecting individual cells for aberrant alterations in the nucleus and the cell's cytoplasm (body). The nucleus carries the genetic material that governs the cell's behaviour and defines what form of cell it will become. A professional cytologist may analyse alterations in the nucleus, as measured by changes in size, shape, and appearance (chromatin). This can be used to diagnose probable cancer and pre-cancer. "Pre-cancer" refers to cell abnormalities that, if left untreated, can progress to natural cancer. Many non-cancerous medical disorders, including infections and systemic diseases, can also be diagnosed using cytology.

Types

Cytology is divided into two types or branches: exfoliative cytology and intervention cytology.

Cytology tests can be used to examine practically any part of your body. Some examples of standard cytology tests are,

  • Cytology in gynaecology.

  • Cytology of the urine.

  • Cytology of the breast.

  • Cytology of the thyroid.

  • Cytology of lymph nodes

  • Cytology of the lungs.

  • Cytology of the eye.

  • Cytology of the ear

Procedure

Each cytology test is slightly different based on the type of cells being evaluated and whether the sample is tissue or fluid. A cytology test generally consists of four phases, which are as follows,

  • Collecting the sample cells

The healthcare professional collects the sample of cells from your body that a pathologist will examine. A provider can acquire cytology test samples in a variety of ways, including,

  • Brushing or scraping tissue from the surface of a physical component.

  • Taking fluid or discharge samples from your body, such as pee.

  • Taking a fluid sample from your body using fine-needle aspiration.

  • Processing the sample cells

Healthcare providers smear or distribute the samples on glass microscope slides for various cytology examinations requiring tissue samples. Smears are the names of these slides, and the smears are subsequently sent to a pathology laboratory.

If the cytology test requires body fluid, the healthcare provider will almost certainly be unable to utilise smears because the sample is too diluted (there are only a few cells in the fluid). They'll most likely send the material in a tiny container to a pathology lab.

When a cytology sample comes, a pathologist or lab worker dips the smears in certain stains (coloured dyes) based on the sample type. Under a microscope, the colours make the cells easier to view and analyse.

Examining the sample cells

A pathologist or lab technician examines the cells under a microscope after processing and staining the cytology samples. If they identify aberrant cells, they use a special pen to mark them on the slides. A pathologist then uses the cells to diagnose and compile a report.

  • Sharing the outcomes

The pathologist will submit the report to your healthcare practitioner after completing it. Your physician will review the results and advise at Manipal Hospitals you on the next steps.

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