Ear problems are rampant today - an infection, hearing loss, blocked ears, discharge from ears or other difficulties. And age is no bar. Infants as young as one month old or the elderly as old as 90 can all fall prey to ear problems. Ear surgeries commonly treat conductive hearing loss, persistent ear infections, unhealed and perforated eardrums, congenital ear defects, and tumours. Ear surgery can be performed on children and adults both. In some cases, surgery is the only treatment; in others, it is used only when more conservative medical treatment fails.
Micro ear surgery treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore is a procedure done using a surgical microscope. The ear structure being small, this surgical microscope was developed to treat the ears.
Visibility within the ear is poor, and the nature of surgery is delicate; we have the latest Carl Zeiss operating microscope for ear surgeries at our institute. These quality instruments aid us in providing the highest level of precision to aid our patient's treatments.
Some common symptoms include as follows,
Buzzing in the ear
Whistling sounds when sneezing or blowing your nose
Decrease in Hearing or Hearing Loss
Middle Ear Inflammation or infection.
The following techniques can be used for diagnosis,
An audiogram is a test used in audiometry to determine how well the ears can hear. It examines sound intensity and tone, balance problems, and other inner ear function-related difficulties.
A thorough assessment of the hearing loss history and any vertigo or other facial tremors.
Otoscopy is typically used to examine the malleus, a tiny bone in the middle ear that resembles a hammer, and the mobility of the tympanic membrane.
Fistula Test: This test is typically carried out if the patient has a history of fainting or has a small eardrum hole.
Standard blood tests
Routine testing of the urine
Most ear impairments are treated using tympanoplasty. The patient is completely unconscious during the tympanoplasty procedure (under general anaesthesia). The ear is often pulled forward after a surgical cut (incision) is made behind it, allowing the eardrum to be gently exposed. The middle ear (inner ear) is inspected when the eardrum is pushed up (tympanostomy). If the eardrum has a hole, it is cleansed (debrided) so the aberrant region can be removed. The eardrum is then repaired by cutting a portion of fascia (the tissue under the skin) from the temporalis muscle, which is located behind the ear. A graft is a term for this tissue. The transplant enables the healthy eardrum skin to develop across the gap.
Typically, this procedure necessitates an overnight hospital stay.
Other commonly used microscopic ear surgeries include the following,
Myringoplasty – surgery is done to repair the perforated eardrum.
Tympanomastoidectomy – performed to remove Cholesteatoma.
Ossiculoplasty – reconstruction of the ossicular chain in the middle ear to improve hearing by using the patient's ossicles and reshaping them or cartilage, PORP, TORP
Stapedotomy – surgery is done to improve hearing when there is a fixed stapes bone. This is performed with the help of a microscope and LASER.
Intratympanic steroid injections – for sudden sensory neural hearing loss.
Consult with ENT specialists at Manipal Hospitals to know more about treatments.