VATS treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat problems in the chest. During a VATS procedure, a tiny camera called a thoracoscope, and surgical instruments are inserted into the chest through one or more tiny incisions in the chest wall. The thoracoscope transmits images within the chest on a video monitor and guides the surgeon to perform the procedure. A variety of procedures are performed using the VATS technique.
Biopsy to diagnose lung cancer, chest cancer, or mesothelioma
Surgery to treat lung cancer and lung volume reduction surgery
Removal of excess fluid or air from the area surrounding the lungs
Surgery to relieve excess sweating or hyperhidrosis
Surgery to treat some types of oesophagal disorders
Surgery to remove part or the whole of the oesophagus
Repair of hiatal hernia repair
Removal of thymus gland is called thymectomy
Any procedure involving the spine, diaphragm, ribs and heart
Preparation for the procedure
Doctors suggest a few tests to ascertain if a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is essential or an ideal option. These tests could be imaging, laboratory, or tests to detect pulmonary and cardiac function.
Patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery are given general anaesthesia and will generally fall asleep during the surgery. A breathing tube is inserted down the throat to the trachea to provide oxygen to the lungs. Surgeons make a tiny incision in the chest and insert designed surgical instruments to conduct the procedure.
The surgery may take as long as two to three hours, and the patient may be required to stay in the hospital for a few days. It depends on the extent of the procedure and the patient's condition.
Compared to the traditional open operation called thoracotomy, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is less painful, with fewer complications and faster recovery times.
If the VATS surgery is required for a biopsy tissue, additional surgery may be needed depending on the biopsy results.
Reconstructive surgery for diffuse coronary artery disease
Diffuse coronary artery disease is less likely to affect people than coronary artery disease; however, it is more challenging in terms of diagnosis, treatment, and follow-ups. Several long continuous plaque build-ups characterise diffuse coronary artery disease within arteries that supply blood to the heart. Cardiac imaging is used to diagnose diffuse coronary artery disease. People with diffuse coronary artery disease can lead long lives with a healthy lifestyle and complete care.
The reasons for diffuse coronary artery disease are the same as coronary artery se. Plaque build-up inside arteries is often damaged because of high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Diabetes, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and smoking are common reasons for diffuse coronary artery disease. These are considered to be risk factors for diffuse coronary artery disease. It is very often a more advanced stage of coronary artery disease. Sometimes a comprehensive examination or a heart attack will reveal the existence of diffuse coronary artery disease.
Diffuse coronary artery disease is treated in different ways, as below,
Mild diffuse coronary artery disease can be treated with medication used to treat common coronary artery disease. These are,
High blood pressure drugs like ACE inhibitors
Nitroglycerin helps alleviate chest pain that is bought by reduced blood flow to the muscle of the heart
Diffuse coronary artery disease can be cured by drug-inducing stents considered safe and effective. Stents are flexible, small mesh tubes placed with a catheter in the coronary artery where there is a block. The stent leaves the artery open to help the blood flow. Drug-inducing stents are coated with medication that releases slowly to help prevent the artery from narrowing again.
Surgery involves taking a blood vessel from elsewhere in the body and attaching it to the coronary artery affected by coronary artery disease. The surgeon at Manipal Hospitals attaches the graft above and below the artery's narrowed portion, which helps the blood flow around the section blocked by plaque.