Minimally invasive surgeries for congenital atrial septal defect, aortic and mitral valve replacements

Minimally invasive surgeries for congenital atrial septal defect, aortic and mitral valve replacements treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore

Minimally invasive heart surgery involves making tiny incisions in the right side of the chest to reach the heart between the ribs. This differs from the more intensive procedure of cutting the breastbone in open-heart surgery. Minimal invasive heart surgery can be done to treat different kinds of heart conditions. Compared to open-heart surgery, this kind of surgery is less painful and has a quick recovery time.


Minimal-invasive heart surgery includes thoracoscopic surgery, robot-assisted heart surgery, and surgery via a small incision in the chest. In all of these procedures, the surgeon reaches the heart through tiny incisions between the ribs of the chest. A tool with a video camera is inserted through one of the incisions, which helps the surgeon see inside the body. Most minimally invasive procedures use a heart-lung bypass machine to keep the blood flow in the body intact. Details of the different kinds of surgery are as follows:

Robot-assisted heart surgery

In this kind of surgery, the surgeon uses robotic arms instead of his hands to perform the exact actions in traditional open-heart surgery. The surgeon uses a remote console and views the heart in a magnified image that gives a high-definition 3-dimensional view. From the console, the surgeon’s hand movements translate precisely to the robotic arms at the operating table and will move just like the human wrist. Another surgeon and the surgical team assist at the operating table and will change surgical instruments attached to the robot arms.

Thoracoscopic surgery

In thorascopic surgery, also called mini-thoracotomy, the surgeon inserts a long, thin tube called the thoracoscope that contains a tiny video camera and is sent through the small incision in the chest. The surgeon then repairs the heart with long instruments through the tiny incisions between the ribs.

  • Thoracic surgery

Thoracic surgery is associated with treating conditions affecting the organs inside the chest cavity. A thoracic surgeon performs operations on the lung and oesophagus. Chest wall and mediastinum. A few common thoracic surgeries are,

  • Lobectomy, where a part of the lung affected by neoplasm is removed.

  • Oesophagectomy is where a part of the oesophagus is removed when affected by a tumour.

  • Thoracoscopy, where the pleural cavity is examined by endoscopy

  • Bronchoscopy, where the lungs are examined, and a biopsy is performed

  • Lung transplant 

Procedure for thoracic surgery

Video-assisted thoracic surgery

This is a minimally invasive surgeries treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore kind of surgery performed in the chest with the help of a thoracoscope. It uses small incisions and special instruments to reduce pain and trauma. During the procedure, three tiny incisions are used compared to one long used traditionally in open thoracic surgery. Surgical instruments and thoracoscopes are then inserted into the body through small incisions. The thoracoscope will transmit images of the portion of the area on a computer which will assist the surgeon in conducting the procedure.

Video-Assisted Lobectomy

Lobectomy, which involves the removal of a large part of the lung, is often performed to treat lung cancer. Lobectomy is traditionally performed as part of a thoracotomy surgery. An incision is made to the side of the chest, right in the middle of the ribs. The ribs are then spread apart so the surgeon can view the chest cavity and remove the tumour or the affected tissue. Patients will be referred for minimally invasive surgery after diagnosing their condition.

Wedge Resection

A wedge resection is a surgery performed to remove a wedge-shaped portion of tissue from either one or both lungs. This surgery is typically performed to diagnose or treat small lung nodules.

Lung Biopsy

In this procedure, a small sample of lung tissue is removed via a small incision between the ribs. The lung tissue is then examined under a microscope by an expert team of pathologists and sent to a microbiology laboratory to be cultured. The lung tissue is then examined for the presence of any infections, interstitial lung disease or any other kind of disease. Book an appointment at Manipal hospitals to get details about treatment with the help of doctors in Bangalore

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