Coronary thrombectomy treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore is a kind of surgery to get rid of a blood clot from the interiors of an artery or vein. Blood flows freely through the arteries and veins. Sometimes, the blood thickens and clumps together to form a blood clot in one of the vessels. This hinders the flow of blood. When the flow of blood is blocked, the surrounding tissues get damaged. Coronary thrombectomy is a procedure to remove the clot and help the blood to flow easily from and through the heart.
Preparing for the procedure
Before the procedure, the doctor may ask you questions about the following,
If you have any allergies, ensure that there will be no negative response to any procedure or medication administered to your body.
Recent changes to your medical history to make sure that it does not interfere with the surgical procedure
Chance of pregnancy as the surgery cannot be performed on pregnant women.
Any problem with anaesthesia as the surgery needs to be performed under general anaesthesia.
The doctor may also conduct the following,
An ultrasound to measure the blood flow in the leg and help to diagnose the blood clot
Venogram for a clot in the vein and an arteriogram for a clot in the artery. This helps to get an image of the blood vessels.
A CT scan to get detailed information about the blood clot
MRI for more details if necessary
Blood tests to check your overall health.
The doctor will also advise you not to eat or drink a few hours before the procedure to prepare for the surgery.
Procedure for coronary thrombectomy
The surgery will differ from case to case. Depending on which part of the body is being treated, the doctor will apprise the patient of what the procedure entails. A typical thrombectomy will entail the following,
An IV is inserted into the arm or hand before the procedure begins. Medication will be given through this IV. Blood thinners like heparin may be administered, which will help prevent any new blood clots from forming during the surgery.
Anaesthesia will be administered through the IV, and this is done to prevent pain or help the patient to fall asleep. Patients may be given a sedative to help them feel relaxed or sleepy during the surgery.
Any hair in the area of the surgery may be removed. This portion will be made numb by local anaesthesia.
Continuous X-ray images will be used during the process to guide the surgeon.
A cut or incision will be made in the area above the blood clot. The doctor will open the blood vessel and remove the clot.
Sometimes the blood clot cannot be removed entirely in one attempt, a balloon will be inserted through a thin tube to remove any portion of the remaining clot. A stent could also be inserted into the blood vessel to leave it open.
The doctor will close and repair the blood vessel, which will help restore blood flow.
The cut or incision on the skin will be closed and bandaged.
After the procedure
The patient will be asked to spend some time in the recovery room. The patient will not be discharged immediately as the patient's vitals will be constantly monitored, and they may be required to stay in the hospital for a day or two. Medications by the cardiologists at Manipal Hospitals will be prescribed for recovery, and follow-up appointments will be scheduled to monitor the health.