Angioplasty treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore

Coronary angioplasty is also known as percutaneous coronary intervention and is a procedure to open clogged heart arteries. The process uses a tiny balloon catheter inserted into a blocked vessel that helps widen it and improve blood flow to the heart. Angioplasty is also combined with the process of placing a small wire mesh tube that is called a stent. The stent props the artery open and reduces its chance of narrowing again. Most stents are coated with medication to assist in keeping the artery open. Angioplasty alleviates symptoms of blocked arteries like shortness of breath and chest pain. It is also commonly used when a person suffers a heart attack to widen a blocked artery quickly and minimise the damage to the heart.

Preparing for Angioplasty

A doctor will review the medical history and conduct a physical exam. The doctor will conduct tests that include a chest X-ray, blood tests, and electrocardiogram. A coronary angiogram, an imaging test, will also be performed to see if the arteries are blocked and treated with angioplasty. If the doctor finds a block, they may perform an angioplasty and place a stent.

The doctor will give instructions for preparation

  • The doctor may instruct the patient to stop taking medications and other herbal supplements that the patient is currently on. This is to ensure that the patient is safe for the procedure.

  • The doctor will advise patients to consume food or drink for about 6-8 hours before an angiography.

  • The doctor may start you on medication to prepare for the procedure.

  • The doctor may ask you to check in to the hospital as the procedure may require you to stay overnight at the hospital. This would be to conduct any necessary tests before the system to ensure the patient is healthy enough to go through the process.



An angioplasty treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore is carried out by a cardiologist and a specialised cardiovascular expert. An artery in the wrist or groyne is used. No need for general anaesthesia exists. The patient is usually conscious during the operation, though a sedative may help them relax.

  • Fluids, medication, and anticoagulants (blood thinning medications) will be administered through an IV catheter in the arm or hand.

  • Heart rate, pulse, oxygen level, and blood pressure will be monitored during the procedure.

  • An antiseptic solution will be applied to the arm, wrist, or leg area, and a sterile sheet will be placed over the body.

  • A local anaesthetic will be applied to numb the area, and a tiny incision will be made. A small, tiny guidewire will then be inserted into the blood vessel.

  • The doctor will thread a thin tube through the artery with the help of a live X-ray.

  • A contrast dye will be administered through the catheter to allow the physician to view the blood vessel's interior and spot the obstruction on the X-ray images or angiogram.

  • A small balloon will be inflated at the tip of the catheter with or without a stent to widen the blocked artery. Once the artery is stretched, the balloon is deflated, and the catheter is removed.

  • If the patient has more than one block, the procedure will be repeated to clear every block. The doctor will assess the number of blocks before the surgery to ensure they will be cleared during the procedure.

Stent placement

A stent-like tiny coil or wire mesh will support the artery's walls and help prevent it from narrowing back again. The procedure for stent replacement is as follows,

  • The stent is placed around the balloon at the tip of the catheter and guided through the artery to the block.

  • The balloon inflates at the blockage, and the stent expands itself, locking into place in the artery.

  • The stent stays in the artery as a permanent fixture to hold it and improve blood flow.

  • Once the stent is in place, the balloon is deflated and removed.

Angioplasty can take several hours, and it depends on the complication of the patient’s condition. Once the procedure is done, more X-rays are done to see if the blood flow through the artery is normal. The surgeon at Manipal Hospitals will monitor the patient’s progress and response to the stent to ensure that the heart functions normally. This is to ensure that no corrective action is needed, and if so, it can be taken on time.