Posted On Mar 24, 2022
4 min read
When your normal sleep patterns are disturned frequently, you are said to be suffering from a sleep disorder. Surprisingly, there are 80 different types of sleep disorders. The major ones are:
Insomnia: The most common and well-known of all sleep disorders. You are unable to fall asleep and stay asleep.
Sleep apnea: This can also be considered a breathing disorder, where you completely stop breathing for 10 seconds or more during sleep
Restless leg syndrome (RLS): a tingling or itchy sensation in your legs while sleeping, also accompanied by an urge to move around continuously.
Hypersomnia: not able to stay awake during the day. It is also narcolepsy - extreme daytime sleepiness
Circadian rhythm disorders: Irregular sleep-wake cycles. This means that you are incapable of sleeping and waking some at the right times. The 'biological clock' gets disrupted
Parasomnia: unusual activities while asleep, like waking in the middle, walking, talking or even eating
There are a number of causes:
Serious medical conditions/diseases such as heart disease, lung disease, nerve disorders, and joint pain
Mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety
Side effects of certain medicines
But according to the best neurology hospital in Bangalore, there can be times when the exact cause might be unclear.
Some other factors that can also cause sleep problems are:
Excessive Caffeine and alcohol consumption
An irregular or unnatural schedule, such as working the night shift
The diagnosis includes a physical exam and getting a detailed medical history as well as getting to know all the symptoms. There can also be certain tests involved:
Polysomnography (PSG): Done in a lab, it studies oxygen levels, body movements, and brainwaves to evaluate how they disrupt sleep in comparison to a home sleep study (HST), which you perform on your own at your home and then this information is used to diagnose sleep apnea.
Electroencephalogram (EEG): Studies the electrical activity in the brain and detects problems, if any. It’s also a part of polysomnography.
Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT): Done to diagnose narcolepsy, this is a daytime sleep study used in conjunction with a PSG at night. Visit Manipal, the Sleep clinic in Hebbal, Bangalore, to know more about the treatment.
Treatments differ according to the type of sleep disorder. Options for sleep disorder treatment in Hebbal, Bangalore include:
Cognitive-behavioural therapy or relaxation techniques will help in reducing anxiety caused by worrying about getting enough sleep
For sleep apnea, the CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine is used
Bright light therapy (conducted in the morning)
One of the common treatments in medicines, including sleeping pills. However, doctors advise taking sleeping pills only for a short span of time, to avoid dependency/addiction
If your sleep problems are because of voluntary, poor habits, then good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise will do the trick