Treatment of Osteoporosis

The term 'osteoporosis' literally means 'porous bone'. It is a bone-weakening disease, and if you have it, you are more likely to suffer from sudden and unexpected bone fractures. Osteoporosis is characterised by decreased bone mass and strength. The disease frequently manifests itself without any symptoms or pain, and it is usually not recognised until the weakened bones cause painful fractures. The majority of these are hip, wrist, and spine fractures.

What Factors Contribute to Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis specialists in varthur road understand how osteoporosis develops despite not knowing the exact cause. Your bones are made of alive and growing tissue, and the interior of healthy bone resembles a sponge. This is referred to as trabecular bone, and a dense shell surrounds the spongy bone called the cortical bone.

When osteoporosis develops, the "holes" in the "sponge" expand and become more numerous, weakening the inside of the bone. Bones provide structural support and protect vital organs. Calcium and other minerals are also stored in bones. When the body requires calcium, it degrades and rebuilds bone. This process, known as bone remodelling, provides the body with the necessary calcium while keeping the bones strong.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

In the early stages of bone loss, there are usually no symptoms. However, once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you may experience the following signs and symptoms:

  • Back pain as a result of a fractured or collapsed vertebra.

  • Height loss over time.

  • A hunched posture.

  • A bone that fractures far more quickly than expected.

Risks of Osteoporosis Treatment

Various factors, including age, race, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions and treatments, can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis. Here are a few of the significant risk factors:

  • Sex

Women are far more likely than men to develop osteoporosis.

  • Age

The the older you get, the more likely you are to develop osteoporosis.

  • Race

You are most likely to develop osteoporosis if you are white or of Asian descent.

  • Family History

Having an osteoporotic parent or sibling increases your risk, especially if your mother or father fractured a hip.

  • Body Size

Men and women with small body frames are more vulnerable because they may have less bone mass to draw from as they age.

  • Hormonal Balance

People with too much or too little of certain hormones in their bodies are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Here are a few noticeable changes:

  • Sexual Hormones

Low sex hormone levels are known to weaken bones. The decline in oestrogen levels in women during menopause is one of the most significant risk factors for osteoporosis. Prostate cancer treatments that lower testosterone levels in men and breast cancer treatments that lower oestrogen levels in women are likely to hasten bone loss.

  • Thyroid

Thyroid hormone excess can result in bone loss. This can happen if your thyroid is overactive or if you take too much thyroid hormone medication to treat a thyroid that is underactive.

Treatment for Osteoporosis

Treatment of osteoporosis in varthur road are frequently based on an estimate of your risk of breaking a bone based on data such as a bone density test. If your risk is low, treatment may not include medication and may instead focus on reducing risk factors for bone loss and falls.

  • Bisphosphonates.

  • Denosumab.

  • Hormone Therapy.

  • Medication for bone growth.

  • Teriparatide.

  • Abaloparatide.

  • Romosozumab.

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