Internal medicine is a field of science that deals with comprehensive health services. It mainly concentrates on diagnosing a human body disease that may occur in any organ or system. A broad range of diagnostics and treatments is used in this branch of medicine. Some reasons to see an Internal Medicine specialist are vaccinations, physicals, screenings for various diseases, weight management, family planning, prevention of diseases, etc. Manipal Hospital is a Centre of Excellence for Internal medicine that helps in the preventive measures and treatment of different acute conditions.
The Manipal Hospital, Varthur, specializes in caring for different diseases and disorders in patients of all ages. Highly developed equipment and the latest treatment procedures are implemented at the hospital, ensuring that all patient concerns are resolved adequately. Book an appointment at our best internal medicine hospital in Varthur road, Bangalore.
Physicians practicing internal medicine have the best expertise and knowledge available here to help with various acute injuries, infections, and illnesses of the liver, heart, gastrointestinal tract, etc. Get the latest screening measures available at Manipal Hospital, Varthur, to cope with any medical problem. Neurological problems, coronary complications, diabetes, allergies like asthma, etc. are some of the illnesses that are attended to by a team of specialized doctors.
A doctor who specialises in Internal Medicine is called an Internist. Internists help in the care of those patients who suffer from non-surgical illnesses. Also, those doctors who help treat and care for injuries or acute conditions are called internists. Some chronic diseases that affect ageing patients, like hormonal imbalances, metabolism-related diseases, diagnostic options, etc., are ways that an Internist will help.
The word Internal Medicine was first derived from the German phrase ‘Innere Medizin. The doctors who focused more on the inner causes of the disease rather than the outward symptoms were called Internists.
Other general physicians that are specialised in the single organs of the body may not be able to diagnose what an internist can. Some widespread illnesses that internists handle are weight loss, fatigue, loss of consciousness, dyspnea, pain in the chest, confused mind, etc. Visit our multi-speciality hospital in Varthur road, Bangalore to have the best treatment.
Some acute illnesses that affect more than one organ of the body are specially handled by internists trained to do so. They care for those patients who have multiple systems of the body affected by an underlying condition. Co-morbidities and other complex illnesses that need expert diagnosis and care afterwards are the specialities of internists.
So internists help diagnose, prevent and treat health problems that affect adults.
Some medical fields that involve in-patient and out-patient treatments in Internal medicine are listed below.
Infectious illnesses like the common cold, malaria, hepatitis, COVID-19, measles, mumps, etc.
Respiratory illnesses like asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, etc.
Endocrinology diseases like Cushing’s disease, Acromegaly, Grave’s disease, Hashimoto’s disease, Addison’s disease, etc.
Coronary diseases like high blood pressure, heart attack, unstable angina, inherited heart complications, etc.
Haematology diseases like anaemia, haemophilia, Myelofibrosis, Thalassemia, thrombocytosis, etc.
Rheumatology diseases include psoriatic arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis, SLE, Ankylosing spondylitis, etc.
Dermatology illnesses like hair diseases, moles, dermatitis, canker sores, hives, connective tissue diseases, nail diseases, etc.
Sleep diseases like insomnia, sleep apnea types, restless leg syndrome, parasomnia, circadian rhythm disorders, etc.
Non-surgical orthopaedics like physical therapy, bracing, casting, fluid drainage, joint manipulation, arthritis treatment options, etc.
Ophthalmology cases like lazy eye syndrome, corneal disease, retinopathy related to diabetes, macular degeneration, etc.
Gynaecology diseases like bacterial vaginosis, Asherman syndrome, cervical dysplasia, gestational diabetes, menopause, etc.
Palliative medicine cases like Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, liver disease, heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, etc.
Gastroenterology diseases like haemorrhoids, colon polyps, stenosis, inflammatory bowel disease, strictures, etc.
Psychiatry diseases like schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, depression, borderline personality disorder, bipolar affective disorder, etc.
Neurology diseases like Bell’s palsy, seizures, Alzheimer’s disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, epilepsy, etc.
This field of medicine is concerned with a wide range of medical conditions. Internal Organs like the kidneys, heart, gastrointestinal tract, spinal column, muscles, nerves, urinary tract, muscles, joints, brain, etc. that are affected by diseases are treated in this branch of medicine. Internists treat acute disorders and those illnesses that do not need surgery. An internist must be well trained to recognise and diagnose a particular disease and hence must be experienced. Management of the disease is the next step which is done either with drugs, maintenance of diet, exercise, physical therapy, etc.
Diagnosing an illness is the most critical part of caring for patients. Whether it is an acute illness or a chronic condition, an internist has to narrow down the most likely cause. Epidemiological relatedness is also considered when diagnosing along with prevailing endemic conditions. Sometimes ta differential diagnosis is made that will help narrow down the ultimate reason for the illness. These are compared to the most probable diseases that have related symptoms. The ‘rule-in’ and ‘rule-out’ approach is chiefly followed by choosing a required diagnostic test. The internist must be well-versed in how diseases can affect a patient with other co-morbidities.
Communicating with the patient is one of the most critical steps in diagnosing the disease. The internist uses synchronous approaches and asynchronous methods to do so. There has to be consent to go on with a particular diagnostic test or screening method from the patient or a relative of the patient. Consult with our experts to have the best treatment.
Pharmacological methods and non-pharmacological means usually treat the diagnosed disorder or disorders. Sometimes additional care needs to be given after the treatment, like rehabilitation, simple exercise regimes, physical therapy, etc. Following up with the internist after the treatment stage is completed is essential to ensure the patient is completely recovered and fit.
Once the disease has been diagnosed and treated effectively, the internist assesses the risks associated with the illness. Preventive screening measures may need to be undertaken, followed by intervention, if any. Genetic evaluation is one of the primary ways of doing so, as it simplifies the process and helps efficiently diagnose other conditions next time. Contact us at Manipal Hospitals if you have any queries.
Some patients who need surgery are often first evaluated by an internist to ensure the operative risks involved. Pre-operative expert evaluations need to be done for single assessment purposes in case of some surgeries.
Some standard diagnostic tests carried out by internists are listed below.
A biopsy of the Thyroid gland,
Testing for bone density
Stem cell transplant,
A biopsy of the bone marrow,
Biopsy of the lymph nodes
Dialysis of the kidneys, biopsies of the kidneys in Renal medicine.
Placement of a tracheostomy
Management of patients on ventilators
Chest tube thoracostomy
Biopsy of the liver
Endoscopy of the upper and lower GI tract,
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Manometry of the oesophagus
Therapeutic injection, aspiration of the joints in Rheumatology medicine.
Laying of intra-ventricular devices and intra-aortic devices,
Placement of stents
Stress testing in cardiology
Some of the screenings used for diagnosing diseases are Computed tomography (CT) scans, ultrasounds, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, stress testing methods, Holter monitoring, screening for bone densities, physical examinations for women and men, etc.
There are routinely performed procedures that internists have to specialize in, as listed below.
Placement of nasogastric tubes.
Arterial punctures for the analysis of blood gases.
Placement of urinary catheters.
Insertion of intravenous lines.
Venipuncture for the drawing of blood.
An assigned physician will look into all the general information about the patient and then review the current injury or disorder. Based on findings, further diagnostic procedures or treatment will be recommended.
Biopsy of the bone marrow, bronchoscopy, angioplasty, endoscopy of the upper and lower GI tract, dialysis of the kidneys, aspiration of joints, bone density testing, therapeutic injection, coronary catheterisation etc., are some of the diagnostic tests used by internists. Visit our internal medicine hospital in Bangalore to have the best treatment.
Apart from these four chronic diseases- cancer, diabetes, stroke and heart disease, several other issues such as allergies, anemia, arthritis, blood pressure, cholesterol issues, digestive disorders, colon disease,thyroid disorders, urine and bladder problems, tendonitis and bursitis, along with many more medical conditions affect adults.
Ultrasounds, Computed Tomography (CT) scans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Holter monitoring, bone density screening, etc., are some of the screening methods used by internists to diagnose various diseases. Consult with the experts at Manipal Hospitals, the best internal medicine center in Varthur Road, Bangalore.
While some medical conditions are caused by external facts, many medical problems arise due to genetic predispositions.
Coronary catheterisation, angioplasty, echocardiograms, stress testing, placing intra-ventricular and intra-aortic devices, ablation, placement of stents, use of pacemakers, etc. are some of the diagnostic methods used in cardiac medicine by Internists.
Cushing’s disease, Acromegaly, gestational diabetes, Bell’s Palsy, lazy eye syndrome, restless leg syndrome, insomnia, seizures, Parkinson’s disease, sinusitis, bronchitis, multiple sclerosis, Sjogren's syndrome, bipolar affective disorder, etc. are some of the illnesses that are diagnosed and treated by internists.
There are a wide range of medical conditions that are preventable and several programs are set in place to manage an adult’s health. However, not all medical disorders are completely preventable. Visit our top internal medicine hospital in Varthur Road, Bangalore to have the best treatment.
It is extremely important to follow up with annual health checkups. This will help you keep a check on several risk factors that may lead to complex conditions in the future.
Use certain medications, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, and drink plenty of fluids if your body temperature is below 101°F (38.3°C). Fever in children under the age of 17 can be effectively treated at home with a lukewarm bath. However, if you have a fever that is higher than 102°F (38.8°C), call your doctor. Visit our internal medicine hospital in Bangalore to have the best treatment.
Manipal Hospitals is dedicated to providing high-quality, personalized care and building long-term partnerships with its patients. Our Internal Medicine Department, its various subspecialties and patients are a testament to this. Contact us to know more about Internal medicine problems and book an appointment with one of our specialized today.