Injection Techniques in Spine Disorders

A spinal injection is usually suggested if your back or neck condition is severe enough and has not improved with conservative treatment. There are two ways to use spinal injections:

  • They can be used to determine the cause of neck, arm, back, or leg pain (diagnostic).

  • They can be applied as a form of pain relief (therapeutic).

Most spinal injections are a component of a larger therapeutic plan. Exercise programmes to enhance or preserve spine mobility (stretching exercises) and stability are almost usually part of simultaneous treatment (strengthening exercises).

Types of Spinal Injection

Some of the injection techniques in spine disorders treatment in varthur road are listed below:

  • Epidural Injection

These injections give painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs to an irritated nerve root in the spinal cord's epidural region. Typically, a compressed or inflamed nerve causes radiating pain and can also target a particular painful nerve with this injection. 

  • Face Joint Injection

Your spine is made up of approximately 24 vertebrae that are joined together by hinge-like facet joints. Facet joint injections are used to diagnose or treat pain in these joints. Facet joint injections may be recommended for back or neck pain caused by injury or degenerative conditions such as arthritis.

  • Medial Branch Nerve Blocks

A medial branch block also involves facet joints in the spine. When administering this type of injection, anaesthetic medication is injected into the tiny medial nerves connected to the facet joint. 

  • Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an innovative spinal injection that uses heat to damage problematic nerve tissue. Professional uses X-ray guidance to place a needle near the nerve that sends pain signals to your brain during RFA. The professional inserts a tiny electrode through the needle and delivers a mild electrical current to the affected nerve once it is in place. This permanently disables the nerve, effectively ending your pain.

  • Sacroiliac Joint Injection

Sacroiliac joints are located between your sacrum and pelvic bones and work similarly to facet joints in your spine. Unfortunately, problems with these joints can result in lower back, buttocks, and leg pain. Professionals use sacroiliac joint injections as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. 

  • Sympathetic Nerve Blocks

These spinal injections target the sympathetic nervous system. This intricate network of nerves extends from your spine and controls involuntary body functions such as digestion, sweating, and blood flow. Sympathetic nerve blocks temporarily disable the sympathetic nerves in your neck or lower back, with the long-term goal of returning nerve activity to normal in the area.

  • Regenerative Therapy Injection

Regenerative injections stimulate, accelerate, and support the natural healing process by using your body's powerful growth factors. The type of healing agents used determines the kind of regenerative therapy injection. Platelet-rich plasma therapy, for example, uses platelets from your blood, whereas bone marrow concentrate therapy uses stem cells from your bones.


Fluoroscopy, or X-ray guidance, is used to confirm correct medication placement and improve safety during spinal injections. To accomplish this, the following procedures are performed by the best spine specialists in varthur road:

  • Before the medication, a liquid contrast (dye) is injected.

  • If the contrast does not flow in the desired location, the needle is repositioned, and more dye is injected until the desired flow is obtained.

  • The medication is administered once the proper contrast flow pattern is achieved.

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