Head and neck Onco surgery

Onco surgery in Sarjapur Road

Most cancers that occur in the head and neck region can be cured easily, particularly if detected early enough. The main goal of the oncologist is to eliminate cancer completely and also to preserve the functioning of the neighbouring organs, nerves, and tissues, which is also very important. While planning treatment, the surgeons during onco surgery in Sarjapur Road at the Manipal Hospital Sarjapur road branch do complete research on how the surgery will affect the patient and his quality of life.

In choosing surgery as the option for head and neck cancer, the goal of the surgery is to eliminate or rather remove the malignant (cancerous) tumour and some nearby healthy tissue. 

The different kinds of surgery for head and neck cancer include,

  • Laser technology: This kind of surgery is typically used for the treatment of early-stage tumours, particularly found within the larynx.

  • Excision: This is a surgery to get rid of the malignant tumour and some nearby healthy tissue called the margin.

  • Neck dissection or Lymph node dissection: The surgeon may also suspect that the cancerous tumour has spread to the other parts of the body, so they may try to remove lymph nodes present in the neck. This procedure can also be done at the same time as the excision procedure.

  • Reconstructive (plastic) surgery. If the cancer operation needs significant tissue removal, for example, removing the skin, pharynx, jaw or tongue, then plastic or reconstructive surgery can be done to replace the tissue that is missing. This kind of procedure helps to restore a patient's appearance and also the functioning of the area that has been affected. A prosthodontist, for example, may be able to create an artificial facial or dental part that will help in restoring the patient's ability to swallow or speak. The patient may then require a speech pathologist to relearn how to communicate and swallow using special equipment and new techniques.

After procedure

Based on where the cancer is located, the stage of cancer and the kind of cancer, some patients may require more than one operation. Sometimes, it may not be possible to totally eliminate or remove the cancerous tissue, and additional treatments could also be required. For example, the surgery could be followed by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or even both to kill the cancer cells that could not be removed during the operation. 

Risks involved

There may be various side effects of the surgery, and the patients are encouraged to interact and communicate with their respective doctors about the side effects that are expected from a certain surgery and for how long they can expect the side effects to last. Common side effects from the head and neck-onco surgery include permanent or temporary loss of regular voice, speech impairment, and hearing loss. Patients may also experience difficulty in swallowing or chewing after cancer surgery.

Consult with the best doctors at Manipal Hospitals.

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