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Breast Conservative Surgery

Breast Conservative Surgery in Sarjapur Road

Breast conservative surgery in Sarjapur Road, also termed BCS, can be used as a treatment plan for a patient's breast cancer. It is also sometimes referred to as a partial mastectomy or a lumpectomy. While having a BCS, only the specific part of the breast that is malignant or cancerous is removed. Some breast tissue around the lump is mainly removed. The amount of breast that needs to be removed depends on the size of the lump and where exactly the lump is situated. 

The surgeon may also have to remove some lymph nodes under the arm to check if the cancer has spread anywhere. Breast cancer frequently spreads to the other lymph nodes. Cancer can also spread to other areas of the body. The usual treatment after BCS is radiation therapy. Radiation therapy generally helps to kill all the cancer cells that the surgeon may not have been able to remove during the surgery. In a few cases, both radiation and chemotherapy are given after BCS. 

Why is this procedure performed?

This type of surgery is the preferred option for women with a lump that is usually small and only limited to one specific area. BCS is also an excellent option for women who are diagnosed with breast cancer at an early stage. There have been various studies conducted that clearly state that women who opt for BCS, which is then followed by radiation therapy, have excellent survival rates, similar to women who opt for mastectomy.

After procedure

Some kind of reconstructive breast surgery is also an option if you want. There also may be other reasons for your surgeon to suggest BCS. At Manipal Hospitals, we take a holistic approach to BCS, and this is usually done on an outpatient basis. This means nothing, but you have the luxury of going home the very same day. The surgery may also be done as a part of the stay at the hospital if you wish to or depending on other factors. 

Most women should be able to resume their normal activities within two weeks. Some women may require assistance at home, depending on the extent of their surgery. You can request that a healthcare team member demonstrate how to care for your surgical site and affected arm. You will usually be given instructions on how to take care of yourself and the surgical site after the surgery. 

The procedures of a BCS vary based on the patient's condition, type of tumour and the doctor's practices. Removal of lymph nodes during a BCS may have an effect on the way the lymphatic fluid actually drains from the arm. Such issues with lymphatic drainage could result in swelling in your arm. Thus, your surgeons will suggest certain safety measures which you will have to follow after the removal of your lymph node. 

Complications

Some common complications or side effects that can be seen after the procedure are,

  • Breast pain, tenderness, or a "tugging" sensation

  • Hard scar tissue or a dimpled form at the site of the surgical procedure.

  • Breast swelling is caused by a collection of fluid (seroma) that may need to be drained.

  • Neuropathic (nerve) pain that persists in the chest wall, armpit, and arm (sometimes described as burning or shooting pain). 

  • Other side effects, such as lymphedema, may occur if the axillary lymph nodes are also removed.

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