Spinal Fusion Surgery

Spinal fusion surgery is a surgical procedure to treat various conditions affecting the spine, such as degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, or fractures. It involves the joining, or fusing, of two or more vertebrae to stabilise the spine. In most cases, the surgeon will use bone grafts, metal rods, and screws to help join the vertebrae and keep them in place. The procedure may also involve removing bone spurs, herniated discs, or other abnormal tissue. Recovery times vary, and patients may experience some pain and discomfort afterwards. Spinal fusion surgery is generally recommended when other treatments, such as physical therapy, medications, injections, and/or lifestyle changes, have failed to provide relief. In some cases, the surgery can provide long-term relief from pain and other symptoms associated with the condition that is being treated. For spinal fusion surgery or other options like paediatric spinal surgeries in Sarjapur Road, contact us. 


Pre-procedure for spinal fusion surgery is an integral part of the process to ensure a successful outcome.

  • The pre-procedure for spinal fusion surgery involves the patient being evaluated by a medical team, which includes the patient’s primary care physician, the spine surgeon, and other medical professionals.

  • During the evaluation, the patient’s medical history will be reviewed, a physical examination will be performed, and diagnostic tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and/or MRI scans may also be ordered.

  • The patient will also need pre-operative clearance from their primary care provider, including a review of their medical history and a physical examination. The primary care provider may also order additional tests or refer the patient to a specialist for an evaluation.

  • The patient should also stop taking non-essential medications and smoking at least one week before the surgery.


The procedure is done under general anaesthesia, and the patient is typically positioned face-down on the operating table. The surgeon will then make an incision in the skin over the spine and use a microscope or other imaging device to view the spine.

The surgeon will then remove the damaged disc or bone and fill the space with bone graft material. This material is usually taken from the patient’s bone, although donor bone can also be used. This bone graft helps to promote the fusion of the vertebrae.

The vertebrae may be held together with screws, rods, or plates inserted into the vertebrae after which the surgeon will close the incision and move the patient to the recovery room.


Post-procedure for Spinal fusion surgery involves a recovery period of several weeks, during which the patient must adhere to specific instructions to ensure a successful outcome.

  • First and foremost, the patient should avoid any strenuous activity or movement that may aggravate the area of the surgical site. This includes lifting heavier objects, bending and twisting, and participating in activities that may cause sudden jarring movements.

  • Patients should keep their activity levels moderate during the recovery period. Walking, swimming, and other low-impact activities can be beneficial but should be done in moderation. The patient should get plenty of rest and avoid sitting for extended periods, which can cause further discomfort and delay healing.

  • Pain management is a crucial part of post-procedure recovery. Patients should take pain medications as directed and use ice or heat to reduce swelling and discomfort. Additionally, the patient should visit their doctor regularly to have the surgical site checked and to have the doctor assess progress and provide any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.

  • Physical therapy is often recommended to help the patient regain full range of motion and strength in the affected area. This may include exercises to help stretch the back and abdomen, strengthen the muscles in the area, and improve posture.

  • Patients should take all measures to protect the surgical site during recovery. This may include wearing a brace or corset to help limit movement and protect the site. Following these instructions will ensure a successful post-procedure for spinal fusion surgery.

Consult the best specialist in Sarjapur Road, Bangalore for diagnosis and treatment. 

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