Paediatric Bronchoscopy and Airway Reconstruction

Paediatric general surgery treatment in Bangalore

Bronchoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows a physician to visualise a patient's airway. The procedure is commonly used to diagnose and treat conditions of the lungs, such as bronchitis, pneumonia, and lung cancer. It can also remove foreign objects, such as a piece of food, from the airway.

The most common type of bronchoscopy is flexible bronchoscopy, which uses a thin, flexible tube (bronchoscope) inserted through the nose or mouth and passed down the throat into the lungs. The bronchoscope has a light and a camera, which allows the physician to see the inside of the airway. Rigid bronchoscopy is a less common type that uses a rigid metal tube. This type of bronchoscopy is more invasive and is usually only used when flexible bronchoscopy is impossible or when the patient needs to have a biopsy. Visit our paediatric general surgery hospital in Bangalore for the best treatment.

Airway reconstruction is a surgical procedure that is performed to correct a problem with the airway. The most common reason for airway reconstruction is to treat tracheal stenosis, a narrowing of the trachea (windpipe). Other reasons for airway reconstruction include treating laryngeal stenosis (narrowing of the larynx) and bronchial stenosis (narrowing of the bronchi).

Airway reconstruction is typically performed using one of two techniques: autologous reconstruction or alloplastic reconstruction. Autologous reconstruction uses tissue from another part of the patient's body to reconstruct the airway, and Alloplastic reconstruction uses synthetic material to reconstruct the airway.


The physician will order a CT scan or X-ray of the chest to determine the location and severity of the airway obstruction. The patient will be asked to fast for six hours before the procedure. The patient will be given a sedative to help them relax during the procedure.


Bronchoscopy is usually performed as an outpatient procedure. The patient will be given a local anaesthetic to numb the throat. The bronchoscope will be inserted through the nose or mouth and passed down the throat into the lungs. The physician will use the bronchoscope to examine the airway and remove any foreign objects. A small piece of tissue will be taken if a biopsy is needed. The procedure takes 30-60 minutes.


The patient will be monitored for a few hours after the procedure. The sedative will wear off after a few hours, and the patient can go home. The patient may have a sore throat and cough up blood for a few days after the procedure. Book an appointment to consult with the experts.

There are a few things the patient should do after the procedure:

  • Give the child plenty of fluids

  • Give the child medications as prescribed

  • The child should be avoided from engaging in strenuous activities

  • Follow up with the physician if any problems occur

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