Cataract Surgeries & IOL Implant Surgeries

Cataract Surgery Treatment in Bangalore

Surgery for cataracts

The eye's natural lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens during cataract surgery. Lenses are normally clear. Cataracts can cloud your lens and affect your vision.

Cataract surgery is performed by an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) as an outpatient procedure, which means you won't stay in the hospital afterwards. Most of the time, cataract surgery is a safe procedure. Book an appointment to have the best treatment.

Cataract surgery treats cataracts. Cataracts can blur vision and increase the glare from lights. If cataracts interfere with your daily activities, your doctor may recommend cataract surgery.


Medication and food

It is likely that you will be asked not to eat or drink anything for 12 hours prior to cataract surgery. During the operation, your doctor may also advise you to refrain from taking any medications that could increase your risk of bleeding. It is imperative to inform your doctor if you are taking any medications intended to treat prostate problems, which may interfere with cataract surgery.

One or two days in advance of surgery, antibiotic drops may be prescribed for the eyes.

Additional precautions

You can usually go home the same day as your surgery, but you will not be able to drive, so arrange for a ride home. You must obtain assistance around the house, if necessary, since your doctor may restrict certain activities, such as bending and lifting, for several weeks following your surgery.

In the course of the procedure

Cataract surgery performed as an outpatient typically takes one hour or less.

Your doctor will inject drops into your eye first to expand your pupil. Local anaesthetics and sedatives are likely to be used to numb the area. As long as you've been given a sedative, you may remain awake.

Cataract surgery removes the clouded lens and replaces it with a clear artificial lens. Certain cataracts can be removed without the implantation of an artificial lens.

The following surgical techniques are used to treat cataracts:

  • The lens is dissected using an ultrasound probe in preparation for removal. Phacoemulsification involves your surgeon making a small incision in the front of your eye (cornea) and inserting a needle-thin instrument into the lens tissue where the cataract has occurred.

In order to remove the cataract fragments, your surgeon uses an ultrasound device that transmits ultrasound signals. To provide a place for the artificial lens, it is left intact at the back of your lens. A small incision in your cornea will be closed with stitches after the procedure. Visit our eye care hospital in Bangalore for the best treatment.

  • A surgical incision is made in the eye, and the lens is removed in one piece. Extracapsular cataract removal is more extensive than phacoemulsification. Through this larger incision, your surgeon can remove the front capsule of the lens and the cataractous lens. Leaving the posterior capsule of the lens in place allows the artificial lens to rest.

Certain eye complications may require the procedure. Stitches are needed for the larger incision.

IOL Implant Surgeries

An intraocular lens implant alters the natural lens of the eye with an artificial one. Cataract surgery involves this procedure.

The workings of the eye

The pupil has a lens, a translucent protein, and a water structure. The lens focuses light onto the retina, which transmits it to the brain.

Age changes the proteins in your lens, resulting in cloudy parts. Cataracts are defined in this way. Depending on the level of contamination, things may appear blurry or brownish.

The most common cause of blindness among older individuals is cataracts. However, they can be corrected through surgery, a procedure that is performed nearly two million times annually in the United States.

Surgical procedures

Ophthalmologists perform cataract surgery. He/she specialises in eye surgery and eye problems. You may be advised to wait for the cataract to become a significant problem in your daily life before having it removed. Outpatient or hospital surgical procedures are available.

At what age may an IOL be inserted?

An IOL is commonly used after a child's first birthday when cataract surgery is performed. The use of an IOL in the first year of life, particularly in the first few months, is under investigation. IOLs are a suitable option for infants, according to a recent study conducted by the Food and Drug Administration and the National Institutes of Health. In this study, infants treated with IOLs and contacts had similar visual outcomes. Complications and additional surgeries were more common in the IOL group. A secondary IOL can be implanted after the child has reached adulthood and their eye has developed. If contact lenses or glasses are initially worn. Ophthalmologists should consult with parents before making intraocular lens decisions.

Surgery of the ICL

To create tiny holes through your natural lens and anterior chamber (anterior chamber), lasers are used. As a result, the eye won't build up pressure and fluid.

  • You may also be prescribed antibiotics or anti-inflammatory eye drops before surgery.

  • An eye surgeon completes the surgery. In general, what happens is as follows:

  • You will be positioned on your back. During your operation, a mild topical or local anaesthetic will be injected into you. Therefore, it will be impossible for you to feel anything in your eyes.

  • It is very likely that you will be given a mild sedative to facilitate relaxation. It is also possible to receive an injection in the area around the eye to prevent you from moving the eye.

  • The area around the eye, as well as the surrounding tissues, will be cleaned by your surgeon. Lid speculums are used to hold the lids open during surgery while the surgery is being performed.

  • A small cut will be made by your surgeon in the eye. To maintain the integrity of your cornea, a lubricant will be applied.

  • A surgical cut will be performed in order to implant the ICL. It is not unusual for the lens to be folded and then reopened within the eye as a result of its thinness.

  • The surgeon will remove the lubricant. The incision may be covered with stitches, depending on the type of incision.

  • Once eye drops or ointment are applied, a patch is applied on the eyelid.

The procedure takes between 20 and 30 minutes to complete. After that, you will be closely monitored in a recovery room.

Your physician may prescribe eye drops or oral medications to alleviate the pain. You can return the same day if you have a ride.