Diabetic foot care is a branch of medicine that deals with preventing and treating foot problems caused by diabetes. Diabetes can cause several foot problems, including neuropathy (nerve damage), ulcers, and Charcot foot (a progressive deformity).
The goal of diabetic foot care is to prevent or treat these problems as early as possible, and it can help to avoid serious complications, such as amputation.
There are several things that people with diabetes can do to care for their feet and prevent problems. These include
Checking feet daily for any cuts, bruises, or blisters.
Wearing shoes and socks that fit well and protect the feet from injury.
Keeping feet clean and dry.
Exercising regularly to improve circulation.
Visiting a foot care specialist at least once a year.
People with diabetes should also be sure to see a doctor immediately if they develop foot problems.
Before any foot surgery, it is important to have a comprehensive evaluation by a foot and ankle surgeon. It will help to determine the best treatment option for your specific case. Book an appointment to have the best treatment.
During the evaluation, the surgeon will take a medical history and perform a physical examination. They will also order X-rays or other imaging tests if needed.
Once the evaluation is complete, the surgeon will discuss the findings with you and explain the different surgical options that are available. They will also answer any questions you may have about the procedure.
You will then need to sign a consent form before the scheduled surgery.
Several surgical procedures can be used to treat foot problems caused by diabetes. The type of surgery that is best for you will depend on the severity of your condition.
Some of the most common procedures include:
Amputation: This is the removal of all or part of the foot. Amputation may be necessary if you have a severe infection or ulcer that does not heal.
Arthrodesis: This procedure fuses two bones in the foot together. It is often used to treat Charcot's foot.
Tendon release: This is a procedure that releases the tension in the tendons of the foot. It is often used to treat claw toes.
Ulcer debridement: It is the removal of dead or damaged tissue from an ulcer. Debridement can help the ulcer to heal.
After the surgery, you will need to take it easy for a few weeks to allow your foot to heal. You may need to use crutches or a walker to keep weight off of your foot.
You will also need to follow any instructions that your surgeon gives you about wound care, such as keeping the incision clean and dry.
Risks involved in the procedures
There are a number of risks associated with any surgical procedure, but the risks associated with foot surgery are relatively low. The most common complications include infection, bleeding, and nerve damage.
Infection is the most common complication of foot surgery. The risk of infection can be reduced by taking antibiotics before and after the surgery.
Bleeding is another potential complication of foot surgery. The risk of bleeding can be reduced by avoiding aspirin and other blood-thinning medications for two weeks before the surgery.
Nerve damage is a rare complication of foot surgery. The risk of nerve damage can be reduced by using small incisions and careful dissection. Visit our general medicine hospital in Bangalore for the best treatment