There are two kinds of hair loss (alopecia): temporary and permanent. There can be a variety of causes, such as heredity, hormonal changes, health conditions, or ageing. It is common for men to lose hair on their heads, but anyone can lose hair on their head.
When you are bald, you lose excessive amounts of hair from your scalp. The most common cause of baldness is hereditary hair loss with age. The majority of people prefer to leave their hair loss untreated and unhidden. A hairstyle, makeup, hat or scarf may cover it up for others. Those who want to restore their hair's growth or prevent further hair loss choose one of the treatments available. Book an appointment at our dermatology hospital in Bangalore.
Consult your doctor about your hair loss's cause and treatment options before beginning treatment.
Typically, your doctor will examine you and ask about your diet, medical and family history, and hair care routine before making a diagnosis. Additionally, you might have the following tests:
It may be possible to find out if there are any medical conditions causing hair loss by doing this.
Your doctor pulls several dozen hairs gently to see how many fall out. Using this method, you can determine the stage of the shedding process.
Examining the hair roots under a microscope is performed by scraping samples from the skin or plucking hairs from the scalp. An infection can cause hair loss, so this can help determine whether a disease causes it.
The doctor examines hairs trimmed at the base using a particular instrument. An examination of the hair shaft under a microscope can reveal possible problems.
There are effective treatments available for some types of hair loss. In some cases, hair loss can be reversed or slowed. The hair may regrow without treatment within a year if the condition is patchy hair loss (alopecia areata). There are medications and surgical treatments for hair loss.
You will need to treat the underlying cause of your hair loss. You may need to stop using medication for a few months if it causes hair loss. There are medications available to treat pattern (hereditary) baldness. Among the most common options are:
Minoxidil comes in over-the-counter liquid, foam, and shampoo forms (nonprescription). Women should apply the product to their scalp once daily, while men should apply it twice daily. When the hair is wet, many people prefer using foam.
Many people find that minoxidil products regrow their hair, slow hair loss, or both. The treatment will take at least six months to prevent further hair loss and to stimulate hair growth. The results of the treatment may not be evident for a few months. To keep the medicine's benefits, you'll have to continue using it forever. Skin irritation on the face and hands and unwanted hair growth is possible side effects.
It is a prescription medication for men. They can take the pill daily. It is common for men taking finasteride to experience a slower rate of hair loss, as well as the emergence of new hair. Your results may not be apparent for a few months. For the benefits to last, you must keep taking it. Men over 60 may not benefit from finasteride as much. An increased risk of prostate cancer and diminished sexual function are rare side effects of finasteride.
Doctors may prescribe spironolactone (Carospir, Aldactone) and oral dutasteride (Avodart).
Hair transplant surgery
Permanent hair loss occurs most commonly on the top of the head. It is possible to make the most of your remaining hair with hair transplantation or restoration surgery. Dermatologists or cosmetic surgeons perform hair transplants by removing hair from parts of the head that have hair and transplanting it to bald areas.
There are one to several inches in each patch of hair (micrografts and mini grafts). It is sometimes necessary to take multiple hair groups from the same strip of skin. A sedative to ease any discomfort you might feel during the procedure does not require hospitalisation.
There is a possibility of bleeding, bruising, swelling, and infection. The effect you want may require more than one surgery. Surgery will not prevent hereditary hair loss from progressing. A surgical procedure to treat baldness is usually not covered by insurance. Book an appointment to know more about hair transplant surgery.
The Food and Drug Administration has approved a low-level laser device to treat hereditary hair loss. Studies have shown that it increases hair density. It will take more studies to show long-term effects.