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Spinal Fusion Surgery Uses, Procedure, And Recovery

Posted On: Sep 29, 2023

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Spinal Fusion Surgery It's Types, Uses, Procedure, & Recovery

Spinal fusion surgery is a procedure to join two or more vertebrae together so that they heal to create a single, solid bone. Spinal fusion is done to eliminate painful motion or to restore stability to the spine that may have become unstable due to various reasons. Spinal fusion surgery is usually recommended when other treatments, such as physical therapy, medication, or injections, have not been successful. It is also used to treat severe spinal deformities, such as scoliosis and kyphosis. At Manipal Hospitals Gurgaon, we have highly experienced spine surgeons skilled in performing a wide range of modern, safe spinal surgeries and procedures.

This article is an attempt to clear all the concerns and myths related to spinal fusion surgery with accurate medical information. Read till the end and find out what are the types of spinal fusion surgery, how they are performed, when it is recommended, and tips to recover faster after this surgery.

2 Types of Spinal Fusion Surgery

There are two main spinal fusion surgery types:

Anterior fusion and Posterior fusion. Anterior fusion is performed from the front side of the spine, while posterior fusion is performed from the back side of the spine.

  • In anterior fusion, the surgeon makes an incision in the abdominal flank and removes the disc between the two vertebrae that are to be fused. The surgeon then places bone graft material between the vertebrae and uses a spacer/cage, screws or rods to hold them together.

  • In posterior fusion, the surgeon makes an incision in the back and exposes the spine. The surgeon then removes the disc between the two vertebrae and places bone graft material along with a spacer/cage, between them. The surgeon may also use screws or rods to hold the vertebrae together. Spinal fusion surgery is a major surgery and may have associated risks, such as infection, bleeding, and nerve damage, though the incidence of such complications these days is quite small. However, it is a very effective treatment for many spinal conditions and can significantly reduce pain and improve function thus improving the quality of life of patients.

When is the Spinal Fusion Surgery Recommended?

 Here are some of the most common reasons why spinal fusion surgery might be recommended:

  • Degenerative Disc Disease

This is a condition that occurs when the discs between the vertebrae develop wear and tear, subsequently losing their cushioning ability. This can cause pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion.

  • Spondylolisthesis

This is a condition in which one vertebra slips forward over another vertebra. This can cause pain, stiffness, and weakness in the back.

  • Spinal Stenosis

This is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows, putting pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the arms and legs.

  • Scoliosis

This is a sideways curvature of the spine. It can cause pain, stiffness, and cosmetic deformity.

  • Tumours

Spinal fusion surgery may be used to stabilize the spine after the removal of a tumour. 

If you are considering spinal fusion surgery, it is important to consult the best spine doctor in Gurgaon about the risks and benefits of the Spinal Fusion procedure. They can help you decide if spinal fusion is the right treatment for you.

9 Tips After Spinal Fusion Recovery

  • Get adequate rest

Your body needs time to heal after surgery. It is important to get adequate rest and avoid strenuous activity.

  • Take your medications as prescribed

Your orthopaedic surgeon will prescribe medications to help you manage pain and inflammation. It is important to take your medications as prescribed to get the best results.

  • Use a brace or belt

Your surgeon may recommend using a brace or belt to support your back and help you maintain good posture.

  • Wear comfortable clothing

Avoid wearing tight clothing that restricts your movement.

  • Elevate your legs

Elevating your legs can help reduce swelling and pain.

  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol

Smoking and drinking alcohol can slow down the healing process.

  • Eat a healthy diet

Eating a healthy diet can help you maintain your weight and improve your overall health.

  • Get regular exercise

Once you are cleared by your doctor, you can start gradually increasing your activity level. It is important to start slowly and gradually increase your activity level as you heal.

  • See your doctor for regular checkups

Your doctor will monitor your progress and make sure that you are healing properly.

If you are considering spinal fusion surgery, it is important to talk to a skilled and qualified orthopaedic doctor at the best spine care hospital in Gurgaon about the risks and benefits of the procedure. You should also make sure to choose a surgeon who is experienced in performing spinal fusion surgery. Visit our official blog page for accurate medical information on various topics related to health.

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