Dr. Ashish Dagar

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Reviewed by

Dr. Ashish Dagar

Consultant - Spine Surgery

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

Common Causes of Back Pain - Types & Treatment

Reviewed by:

Dr. Ashish Dagar

Posted On: May 28, 2024

blogs read 4 Min Read

Common Causes of Back Pain

Back pain is a prevalent issue affecting a large percentage of the population, including young adults in India. Back pain causes can vary widely, encompassing a range of factors such as lifestyle, occupation, and health conditions. In this blog, we will delve into the common causes of back pain in India, including different types of back pain and their treatments. We have also included some prevention tips shared by our expert spine care specialist in Gurugram that will help you keep your back healthy and avoid pain.

Reasons for Lower Back Pain

  1. Poor Posture and Ergonomics: Many people in India experience back pain due to prolonged sitting with poor posture, especially in office jobs. Improper ergonomics in workstations can also contribute to the causes of back pain.
  2. Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and prolonged sitting can weaken the back muscles and lead to stiffness, causing back pain.
  3. Occupational Factors: Certain occupations in India, such as farming, construction work, and carrying heavy loads, can place a significant strain on the back, leading to pain and discomfort.
  4. Obesity: The prevalence of obesity in India has been increasing, and excess weight can put pressure on the spine, contributing to back pain.
  5. Injury and Trauma: Accidents, falls, and injuries during physical activities can result in acute or chronic back pain for individuals in India.
  6. Degenerative Conditions: Conditions such as osteoarthritis, degenerative disc disease, and spinal stenosis are common causes of back pain, especially in older individuals.
  7. Psychological and Emotional Stress: Mental stress and emotional strain can manifest physical symptoms, including back pain, particularly in the context of the fast-paced lifestyle in urban areas of India.

All the above are some common back pain reasons, but back pain may occur due other reasons also. Hence, it is highly recommended to consult an experienced orthopaedic doctor in Gurugram to determine the right reason behind lower spine pain.

Types of Back Pain and Treatment

  1. Acute Back Pain: This type of back pain often arises from a sudden injury or strain and typically resolves with rest, over-the-counter pain medications, and targeted exercises.

  2. Chronic Back Pain: Persistent back pain lasting for more than 12 weeks falls into the category of chronic back pain. Treatment may involve a combination of pain management techniques, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications.

  3. Sciatica: Sciatic nerve pain, commonly caused by a herniated disc, often requires a comprehensive approach to treatment, including medication, physical therapy, and sometimes surgical intervention.

  4. Spondylosis and Spondylolisthesis: These degenerative conditions can lead to chronic back pain and may necessitate a range of treatments, including pain management strategies, exercise therapy, and occasionally surgery in severe cases.

  5. Ankylosing Spondylitis: This inflammatory condition affects the spine and can cause significant pain and stiffness. Treatment in India may involve medication, physiotherapy, and lifestyle modifications to manage symptoms.

  6. Ayurvedic and Naturopathic Treatments: In India, traditional medicine practices such as Ayurveda and naturopathy offer a holistic approach to managing back pain, including herbal remedies, therapeutic oils, and specific yoga asanas tailored to alleviate back pain.

  7. Surgical Interventions: For severe cases and certain conditions such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis, surgical options may be considered, with various advanced procedures available in India’s healthcare facilities.

Tips to Prevent Lower Spine Pain

  1. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Excess body weight can strain the lower back. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can help reduce the risk of back pain.

  2. Practice Good Posture: Maintain proper posture while sitting, standing, and walking. Avoid slouching or hunching over, as it can strain the muscles and ligaments in the lower back.

  3. Use Ergonomic Furniture and Equipment: Ensure that your workstation, including chair, desk, and computer, is ergonomically designed to support a good posture and minimise strain on the back.

  4. Exercise Regularly: Engage in regular physical activity to strengthen the core muscles that support the lower back. Exercises like swimming, walking, and yoga can help improve flexibility and reduce the risk of back pain.

  5. Lift Properly: When lifting heavy objects, use your leg muscles instead of your back. Bend your knees, keep the object close to your body, and avoid twisting or jerking motions.

  6. Practice Safe Sleeping Positions: Choose a mattress and pillow that provides proper support for your spine. Sleeping on your back or side with a pillow between the knees can help maintain proper spinal alignment.

  7. Avoid Prolonged Sitting: Take regular breaks from sitting or sedentary activities. Stand up, stretch, and move around to prevent stiffness and muscle imbalances.

  8. Maintain Proper Footwear: Wear comfortable, supportive shoes that provide cushioning and help maintain proper alignment of your spine and body.

  9. Quit Smoking: Smoking reduces blood flow and oxygen to the spinal tissues, which can contribute to back pain. Quitting smoking can improve overall spinal health.

  10. Manage Stress: Psychological stress can contribute to muscle tension and back pain. Practice stress management techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in activities that help you relax and unwind.

In conclusion, back pain is a multifaceted issue affecting individuals across India and is influenced by various lifestyle, occupational, and health-related factors. A comprehensive approach to managing back pain in India involves addressing the root causes, adopting healthy habits, utilising modern medical interventions, and leveraging traditional healing practices. With a focus on prevention, education, and access to diverse treatment modalities, individuals can effectively manage and alleviate back pain, thereby improving their quality of life. Explore our blog page to read the new blogs on trending healthcare topics shared by our experienced doctors. 

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