Scans and diagnostic tests are crucial to an effective prenatal care program. The safest and most reliable procedures are non-invasive tests like ultrasounds. A routine prenatal care program usually includes a fetal viability scan in the first 6 to 10 weeks, followed by a first-trimester screening and NT scan. A detailed anomaly scan between 18 to 23 weeks is done to detect or rule out any abnormalities in the fetus. Around this time, fetal echocardiography is conducted to check the health of the fetus' heart. At the end of the 2nd trimester, a fetal well-being scan is recommended to monitor the development of the fetus.
The best way to reduce the risk for the expecting mother and her child is to monitor at regular intervals to make sure complications are detected at the earliest. It is much easier to intervene and correct any abnormalities in their earlier stages. Non-invasive testing methods ensure that the risk to both mother and child are minimized.