Surgical oncology is a branch of surgery that focuses on diagnosing and treating cancer. A surgical oncologist is a surgeon who specializes in removing cancerous tumors. Surgical oncology has come a long way in recent years. Modern technologies and advances in cancer treatment have made it possible to remove more cancerous tumors with less invasiveness. In some cases, surgery may be the only treatment necessary to cure cancer. Surgical oncology aims to remove the cancerous tumor while minimizing the impact on the surrounding healthy tissue. This allows the patient to recover more quickly and with fewer side effects.
Surgical oncologists use a variety of techniques to treat cancer. They may use traditional surgery, which involves making an incision and removing the tumor. They may also use less invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic surgery, which uses small incisions and specialized instruments. In some cases, surgery and other treatments, such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy, may be necessary to achieve the best results. Visit our multi-specialty hospital in Bangalore to have the best treatment facilities.
Why Manipal Hospital, Old Airport Road?
Manipal Hospital, Old Airport Road, is one of the most trusted and reputed hospitals in Bengaluru (Bangalore). The hospital has been serving the people of Bangalore for over two decades and has been consistently delivering quality medical care. The hospital has a team of highly skilled and experienced doctors who provide world-class treatment to the patients. The hospital is equipped with the latest technology and state-of-the-art infrastructure. The hospital offers a wide range of services, including cardiology, neurology, nephrology, oncology, orthopedics, and urology. The hospital also has a dedicated team of nurses and paramedical staff who provide round-the-clock patient care.
Treatments and Procedures
Organ Preservation Surgery
Organ preservation surgery is a type of surgery that is performed to keep an organ or tissue alive and functioning. This type of surgery is usually performed on organs that will be transplanted. The goal of organ preservation surgery is to keep the organ or tissue alive and functioning until it can be transplanted into the recipient. Many different techniques can be used to preserve an organ or tissue. The most common method is to put the organ or tissue on a machine that keeps it alive and functioning. This machine is called a life support machine. Other methods of organ preservation surgery include freezing the organ or tissue or using a chemical called cryoprotectant to keep the organ or tissue alive. Organ preservation surgery is usually performed by a team of surgeons.
Pre-procedure for organ preservation surgery typically includes a full medical evaluation by the surgeon to ensure that the patient is healthy enough to undergo surgery. The surgeon will also review the surgery's risks and benefits with the patient. The patient will be asked to sign a consent form before the surgery. Preparation for organ preservation surgery will depend on the specific procedure that is being performed.
The patient is placed under general anesthesia, and a Foley catheter is inserted.
A midline incision is made, and the abdominal cavity is accessed.
The organs to be preserved are identified, and the necessary blood vessels are isolated.
The organs are removed and placed in a preservation solution.
The organs are placed in a container with the preservation solution and transported to the surgical facility.
The organs will be placed in a cold chamber and cooled to a temperature below freezing.
The organs will be stored in the cold chamber until they are needed for transplant.
When the organs are needed for transplant, they will be thawed and transplanted into the recipient.
After any type of organ preservation surgery, patients will need to rest and recover. This will usually involve staying in the hospital for a few days. During this time, patients will be closely monitored for any complications. Once discharged from the hospital, patients will need to take it easy for a few weeks. They should avoid any strenuous activity or lifting heavy objects. It is also important to keep the surgical incision clean and dry. Most patients will need to follow up with their surgeon for regular checkups. During these appointments, the surgeon will check on the healing process and make sure there are no complications.
Organ preservation surgery is a major procedure. Therefore, patients need to be aware of the potential risks and complications. These can include infection, bleeding, and blood clots. If you have any questions or concerns, talk to your surgeon. They will be able to provide you with more information on what to expect during your recovery.
Reconstruction surgery is a type of surgery that is performed to correct or improve the function of a body part. It can be performed on any part of the body but is mostly performed on the face, hands, and feet. Reconstruction surgery is often performed after an injury or illness, but it can also be performed to correct a birth defect. The type of reconstruction surgery that is performed will depend on the problem that is being corrected. For example, if a person has a birth defect that affects the way their face looks, then facial reconstruction surgery may be performed. If a person has lost a limb, then a hand or foot reconstruction surgery may be performed. Reconstruction surgery can be performed using different techniques, depending on the problem that is being corrected. For example, skin grafts may be used to correct facial deformities. Or bones may be surgically implanted to replace missing bones. Reconstruction surgery can be an overly complex and delicate surgery.
The pre-operative phase of reconstruction surgery is significant. Several steps are followed, such as
The surgeon will review your medical history and perform a physical examination.
The surgeon will take photos of the area to be operated on.
The surgeon will discuss your options and expectations with you.
The surgeon will mark the incision sites on your body.
The surgeon will provide you with instructions on how to prepare for surgery.
The surgeon will also order tests to determine the best course of treatment.
You will be given a date for surgery.
There are many diverse types of reconstruction surgery, so the specific procedure will vary depending on the individual case. In general, however, Reconstruction surgery is a procedure to correct defects or deformities of the body. It is performed to restore the function of the body part or to improve its appearance. Plastic surgeons perform reconstruction surgery in Old Airport Road, Bangalore.
The first step in the reconstruction surgery is to make an incision in the skin. The surgeon then separates the skin from the underlying tissue. The next step is to remove the defective or deformed tissue. The surgeon then reconstructs the body part using skin grafts, tissue flaps, or implants. The last step is to close the incision with stitches or staples. Reconstruction surgery is a complex procedure that requires careful planning and execution.
The recovery process after reconstruction surgery will vary depending on the type of surgery that was performed. In most cases, the patient will need to stay in the hospital for several days. They may also need to wear a compression garment or special dressings for a period. Most patients will need to take it easy for several weeks after surgery before they can resume their normal activities.
Minimally-invasive surgery is a type of surgery that uses small incisions and specialized instruments to treat a variety of conditions. This type of surgery is also known as endoscopic surgery or laser surgery. Minimally-invasive surgery is less invasive than traditional surgery, and as a result, patients often experience less pain, fewer complications, and a shorter hospital stay. In some cases, minimally-invasive surgery can even be performed on an outpatient basis. Minimally-invasive surgery is used to treat various conditions, including hernias, GERD, and obesity. It can also be used to remove tumors and perform biopsies. Minimally-invasive surgery is a safe and effective alternative to traditional surgery.
Endoscopic surgery is a type of minimally-invasive surgery that is performed using a long, thin tube called an endoscope. The endoscope is inserted into the body through a small incision, and the surgeon can view the internal organs on a monitor. Endoscopic surgery is often used to treat conditions of the digestive system, such as ulcers, gallstones, and hernias.
Laser surgery is another type of minimally-invasive surgery that uses a laser to remove tissue. Laser surgery is often used to treat conditions of the skin, such as birthmarks, moles, and tattoos.
There are a few things that you need to do before you have minimally-invasive surgery. First, you will need to consult your doctor to see if you ara suitable for the procedure. You will also need to have a physical examination and some blood tests to make sure that you are healthy enough to have the surgery. You will need to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners and aspirin, a week before the surgery. You will also need to fast for at least eight hours before the surgery. After you have consulted with your doctor and had a physical examination, you will need to sign a consent form. This form will give your doctor permission to perform the surgery. The surgery will be performed under general anesthesia, which means that you will be asleep during the surgery.
There are several types of minimally-invasive surgery, including endoscopic surgery and laser surgery.
Endoscopic surgery is a minimally-invasive surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube called an endoscope to look inside the body. The endoscope is inserted through a small incision or cut in the body. This type of surgery is also sometimes called laparoscopic surgery.
Laser surgery is a type of minimally-invasive surgery that uses a laser beam to cut through tissue. Laser surgery can be used to remove tumors, repair damaged blood vessels, or remove blockages from the airway.
Both endoscopic surgery and laser surgery are minimally-invasive techniques that can be used to treat a variety of conditions. These surgeries are typically less painful and have a shorter recovery time than traditional open surgery.
After any type of minimally-invasive surgery, it is important to rest and avoid any strenuous activity. You may experience some soreness and discomfort, but this is normal and should subside within a few days. Your doctor will give you specific instructions on when you can resume your normal activities. In general, you can expect to return to work and your other usual activities within a week. It is also important to watch for any signs of infection, such as fever, increased pain, redness, or swelling at the incision site or discharge from the incision. If you experience any of these, be sure to contact your doctor.
Cancer Pain Management
Cancer pain can be a significant source of suffering for patients with cancer. It can be caused due to cancer itself or its treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Cancer pain can be mild, moderate, or severe. It can be constant or intermittent. There are many ways to manage cancer pain. The most crucial step is to accurately assess the pain so that the most appropriate treatment can be selected. This assessment includes considering the intensity of the pain, the duration of the pain, the type of pain (e.g., sharp, dull, throbbing), and the location of the pain. Once the pain has been accurately assessed, a variety of treatment options can be considered. These options include medications, surgery, radiation therapy, and other interventions. The goal of cancer pain management is to relieve the pain and suffering while allowing the patient to maintain as much function and quality of life as possible.
There are a few things that need to be done to prepare for cancer pain management. First, it is important to have a plan in place. This plan should be created with the help of a pain management specialist. Second, make sure that all the medications that will be used are available. Third, educate yourself about the side effects of the medicines that will be used. Fourth, follow the plan. Fifth, it is vital to keep a pain diary. Sixth, communicate with pain management specialists. This includes letting them know if the pain is getting better, worse, or staying the same.
There are many ways to manage cancer pain, and the best approach depends on the individual. Some common methods include: -
Medications: Painkillers, such as opioids, can be effective at managing cancer pain. However, they can also cause side effects, such as drowsiness and constipation.
Therapies: Therapies, such as massage, acupuncture, and heat therapy, can help to relieve pain.
Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the source of pain.
Complementary therapies: Complementary therapies, such as relaxation techniques and hypnosis, can help to ease the pain.
Working with a healthcare team to determine the best approach for managing cancer pain is important. Visit Manipal Hospitals for surgical oncology treatment in Old Airport Road, Bangalore.
Once the procedure is over, it is essential to rest and allow the body to heal. Pain medications should be taken as prescribed to keep pain under control. If the pain is not controlled, it is important to contact the doctor so that the pain management plan can be adjusted. In some cases, physical therapy may be recommended to help with pain management. This can help to stretch and strengthen the muscles and help the body to heal more quickly. Overall, it is important to follow the pain management plan that is set forth by the doctor. By doing so, the cancer patient can ensure that they are as comfortable as possible and that their pain is.
Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) and Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy (PIPAC)
Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a treatment option for patients with certain types of cancer that have spread to the lining of the abdomen (known as the peritoneum). This treatment involves delivering heated chemotherapy directly to the peritoneum to kill any remaining cancer cells.
Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy (PIPAC) is another treatment option for patients with peritoneal cancer. This treatment involves delivering chemotherapy directly to the peritoneum in a pressurized aerosol form. It allows for more targeted delivery of chemotherapy and is effective in killing cancer cells.
Both HIPEC and PIPAC are effective treatments for peritoneal cancer. These treatments can be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as surgery. If you are considering either of these treatments, it is crucial to speak with your doctor to discuss the risks and benefits of each treatment option.
It is important to follow these instructions before your procedure:
1. You will need to have a bowel prep the night before and the morning of your procedure. This will help to clean out your intestines so that the doctor can have a clear view during the surgery.
2. You will need to fast for at least 6 hours before your procedure. This means no food or drink, not even water.
3. You will need someone to drive you home after the procedure.
4. You will need to take it easy for the rest of the day and avoid any strenuous activity.
5. You will need to drink plenty of fluids over the next few days to help flush the chemotherapy out of your system.
There are two main types of chemotherapy used to treat cancer: systemic and local. Systemic chemotherapy is given through the bloodstream and affects the entire body. Local chemotherapy is given directly to the cancer site and only affects the area where the cancer is located.
Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a type of local chemotherapy. It is given directly into the abdomen through a catheter (a thin, flexible tube). The chemotherapy is heated to a high temperature, killing cancer cells.
Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) is another type of local chemotherapy. It is also given into the abdomen through a catheter. Chemotherapy is under pressure, which helps it to reach all areas of the abdomen.
Both HIPEC and PIPAC are usually given after surgery to remove as much cancer as possible. They may also be given before surgery to cure cancer. These types of chemotherapy are usually given in a hospital setting.
After the procedure, the patient is taken to the recovery room, where they are closely monitored. Once the patient is stable, they are transferred to a regular room. Most patients stay in the hospital for 3-5 days after the procedure. During the hospital stay, the patient will have several drainage tubes in place to remove any fluid build-up in the abdomen. The patient will also have a Foley catheter in place to help with urinary drainage. Patients are encouraged to walk around as soon as possible after the procedure to help with recovery. Physical therapy may also be ordered to help with range of motion and strength. After discharge, patients will need to follow up with their doctor for regular checkups. Patients will also need to have regular CT scans to check for any cancer recurrence.
Robotic surgery is a field of medicine that is constantly evolving. In the past, surgeons had to rely on their manual dexterity to perform surgery. This meant that there were many limitations to what could be done surgically. With the advent of robotic surgery, those limitations have been reduced. Robotic surgery is performed using a computer-assisted system that allows the surgeon to have greater control over the procedures being performed. The system consists of a camera that gives the surgeon a three-dimensional view of the surgical area, as well as robotic arms that are controlled by the surgeon. One of the benefits of robotic surgery is that it allows for more precise movements. This is because the surgeon is not limited by their hand movements. In addition, robotic surgery can be performed with smaller incisions, leading to less scarring and a quicker recovery time.
Before surgery, the patient will meet with the surgeon to discuss the procedure and develop a plan for the surgery. The surgeon will also review the risks and benefits of the surgery with the patient. The patient will then undergo a physical examination, and any necessary tests, such as blood work or imaging studies, will be performed. The patient will be asked to fast for a period before the surgery. On the day of the surgery, the patient will be asked to arrive at the hospital or surgical center early. The patient will be given anesthesia and will be asleep during the surgery.
Several different procedures can be carried out using robotic surgery, and the exact process will vary depending on the specific procedure being carried out. However, some general steps are followed in most cases.
Firstly, the patient will be given a general anesthetic to ensure they are fully asleep during the surgery. The surgeon will then make a small incision, usually in the patient's abdomen, and insert a camera and surgical instruments into the body. The surgeon will then control the robotic arms to carry out the desired procedure. This will usually involve making small, precise movements to carry out the surgery. The surgeon will be able to see what they are doing on a monitor and will have full control over the movements of the robotic arms. Once the surgery is complete, the incisions will be closed, and the patient will be taken to recover. They will usually stay in the hospital for a few days to ensure that they are recovering well.
Robotic surgery can be used for a variety of different procedures, including heart surgery, prostate surgery, and gynecologic surgery. The technology can also be used for less invasive procedures, such as biopsies.
After your robotic surgery, you will spend some time in the recovery room, where the nurses will monitor your vital signs. You will then be discharged home with instructions on how to care for your incisions. It is important to keep your incisions clean and dry. You will also need to take it easy for a few days and avoid any strenuous activity. You should be able to return to your normal activities within a week.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What is surgical oncology?
Surgical oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer using surgery.
2. How is surgical oncology used to treat cancer?
Surgical oncology is a subspecialty of surgery that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Surgeons who specialize in surgical oncology use surgery to remove cancerous tumors and surrounding tissue. They also use surgery to stage cancer and to determine the best course of treatment.
3. What are the diverse types of surgical oncology?
There are two main types of surgical oncology: curative and palliative. Curative surgery is performed to cure cancer. Palliative surgery is performed to relieve the symptoms of cancer or to improve the quality of life.
4. What is the prognosis of surgical oncology?
The prognosis of surgical oncology is excellent, with most patients surviving their surgery and going on to live normal, healthy lives. However, some types of cancer are more difficult to treat surgically, and the prognosis for these patients is not as good.
5. What types of cancer can be treated with surgery?
All types of cancer can be treated with surgery. The most common types of cancer that are treated with surgery are breast cancer, colon cancer, and lung cancer.