Breast cancer is the result of the uncontrolled growth of cells in breast tissues. One in 100 cases occurs in males. Breast cancer is increasing in India and unfortunately, 1 in 2 women with breast cancer in India die of the disease. Breast cancer also strikes almost a decade earlier and associated with a poor survival rate in Indian women as compared to their western counterpart.
The triple-negative breast cancer occurs in around 10-20% of patients with breast cancer. The characteristics of triple-negative breast cancer tumours are lack of progesterone receptors, lack of estrogen receptors, and the absence of additional HER2 protein on the surface. This type of cancer spreads quickly and is difficult to treat.
Breast cancer screening is a routine check-up to diagnose breast cancer before the signs and symptoms appear. Breast screening includes a physical examination of breasts and mammography. MRI may also be done in high-risk women.
Depending upon the risk you have, your doctor may advise the perfect time for initiating screening for breast cancer. Women who are in the age range of 40-45 years should get mammography done at least once in every two years.
Only 5-10% of all the cases of breast cancer are hereditary. The most common genes responsible for inherited breast cancer are BRAC1 and BRAC2. However, it is to be noted that not every woman who inherits the mutated BRAC1 and BRAC2 develops cancer.