Dr. Samarth Arya

Consultant - Orthopaedics Joint Replacement and Robotic Surgeon

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Reviewed by

Dr. Samarth Arya

Consultant - Orthopaedics Joint Replacement and Robotic Surgeon

Manipal Hospitals, Old Airport Road

Robotic Joint Replacement Using Stryker MAKO Robot

Reviewed by:

Dr. Samarth Arya

Posted On: Jan 08, 2024

blogs read 5 Min Read

Joint Replacement Using Stryker MAKO Robot

The introduction of Robotics in joint replacement surgeries represents a revolutionary advancement in orthopaedic surgery. This cutting-edge technology combines the expertise of surgeons with the precision and accuracy of a robotic system. The Stryker MAKO Robot is specifically designed to enhance the outcomes of joint replacement procedures, offering a new paradigm in surgical excellence.


What is a Robotic Joint Replacement Surgery?

A joint replacement or arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or diseased joint is replaced with an artificial joint (prosthesis). Precision is paramount in joint replacement surgery, as it directly correlates with the longevity and effectiveness of implants. In robotic joint replacement, the use of robotic systems leads to a more advanced and precise approach to joint replacement surgeries. These systems are designed to help surgeons with higher accuracy and precision.

During robotic joint replacement surgeries, a robotic arm is in place which is controlled by the surgeon, along with advanced imaging technology that guides the preparation of bones and placement of the prosthetic components. The Stryker MAKO robotic system can provide surgeons with enhanced precision (below 1 millimetre and 0.1 degrees) and accuracy compared to traditional surgical techniques, even in complex procedures. The system's visual assistance feature helps surgeons stay within the predefined surgical plan, while its tactile resistance feature prevents the surgeon from moving outside of the required boundary.  

Benefits of Robotic Joint Replacement

Stryker MAKO Robot ensures optimal alignment and placement of implants. This heightened precision contributes to the durability of implants and also minimizes postoperative complications.

  • Accuracy and Precision for Enhanced Implant Longevity

The Stryker MAKO Robot system allows surgeons to plan and execute procedures with a detailed precision that surpasses traditional methods. It significantly contributes to the longevity of implants, ensuring optimal alignment and function. It reduces the likelihood of premature wear of implants due to malpositioning or malalignment.

  • Minimised Pain and Accelerated Recovery for Early Return to Normalcy

The robotic approach is minimally invasive which contributes to a swift post-operative recovery. There is minimal need for soft tissue release. This minimises discomfort and enables patients to return to their normal activities sooner than traditional approaches.

  • Intra-operative Safety Measures: Absence of Nerve, Artery, and Soft Tissue Damage

The Stryker MAKO Robot incorporates advanced safety measures during surgery. It significantly decreases the damage risk to nerves, arteries, and soft tissues. The system allows for meticulous planning and real-time adjustments, ensuring a high level of intra-operative safety.

  • Reduced Medical Complications, Especially Beneficial for the Elderly

For elderly patients, robotic joint replacement offers a major advantage by eliminating the chances of medical complications. The precision minimises the trauma associated with the surgery which is highly beneficial for the older population who may have underlying health concerns. It allows them to undergo joint replacement with a higher level of safety and confidence. Avoiding the use of conventional instrumentation which passes through the bone canal reduces the risk of fat embolism, especially in the elderly.

Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries with Stryker MAKO

  • Total Hip Replacement

Stryker MAKO Robot's application in total hip replacement brings a new dimension to surgical precision. The robot assists surgeons in achieving optimal bone preparation, and implant positioning, ensuring stability and longevity. This technology enables personalised planning, addressing every patient’s unique anatomical considerations and contributing to improved hip function post-surgery.

  • Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement surgery benefits immensely from robotic guidance. By providing real-time data and feedback, the robot assists surgeons in executing precise cuts and implant placement. This enhances the surgery’s overall accuracy and contributes to better alignment of the knee implant.

  • Partial Knee Replacement

Partial knee replacement is a more conservative approach than total knee replacement. It gains a significant boost in precision with the application of robotic technology. The Stryker MAKO Robot allows for selective targeting and replacement of only the damaged knee portion, preserving healthy tissue. This level of precision is crucial for optimising joint function, reducing recovery time, and providing patients with a more natural-feeling knee post-surgery.

Consult our orthopaedic hospital in Bangalore if you need a robotic knee replacement.

Comparison Between Traditional & Robotic Joint Replacements

In contrast to conventional approaches, robotic assistance provides unparalleled precision and accuracy in implant placement. Traditional methods often rely on manual techniques, which may affect the alignment and cause potential complications. The Stryker MAKO Robot allows for meticulous preoperative planning and real-time adjustments, ensuring optimal outcomes for patients.

Patients usually feel concerned about knee replacement robotic surgery. The misconceptions include fears of losing control or overreliance on technology. As surgeons, it’s important that we address these concerns by emphasising the potential of robotic joint replacements on how it is a collaborative effort between the surgeon and the advanced technology of the robotic system. Surgeons remain in control throughout the procedure, with the robot serving as an assistant precision tool to enhance their capabilities.

Consult our robotic surgeon if you need Stryker Knee Replacement Surgery. 


Robotic assistance is beneficial for a wide range of cases. Your doctor can determine your suitability based on a thorough assessment of your health condition.

Not at all; surgeons control the entire procedure. The robotic system only assists them as a precision tool.

Yes, with robotic joint replacement, the recovery period amazingly accelerates. It minimises trauma and increases precision.

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