Dr. S Vidyadhara

Chairman and HOD - Spine surgery and Consultant - Robotic Spine Surgery

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Reviewed by

Dr. S Vidyadhara

Chairman and HOD - Spine surgery and Consultant - Robotic Spine Surgery

Manipal Hospitals, Old Airport Road

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: How Does It Work And What Are Its Benefits?

Reviewed by:

Dr. S Vidyadhara

Posted On: Jul 06, 2023

blogs read 5 Min Read

Minimally invasive spine surgery - spine care hospital Bangalore

Technological developments have made it possible to treat more neck and back disorders in recent years using minimally invasive surgical methods. Less invasive spine surgery is another name for minimally invasive spine surgery. For a minor disc issue, the earlier method of open-spine surgery needed a 5-6-inch incision and a month in the hospital. In  MIS Surgery, a spine specialist Bangalore will expose the spine by making small incisions and operate using miniature surgical instruments or a robotic arm.

What Is Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) addresses spine issues with minimal damage to the adjacent muscles and other healthy spine tissues. It often aims to stabilize the vertebral bones and spinal joints and alleviate pressure on the spinal nerves, frequently brought on by disorders including spinal instability, bone spurs, ruptured discs, scoliosis, or spinal malignancies. MISS achieves the same result as open surgery but needs fewer incisions. Muscles and soft tissues are substantially less harmed when working through several minor incisions than one large one performed in traditional spine surgery.

The use of less invasive methods is possible for various treatments like spinal fusion and lumbar decompression. On average, almost 90-95% of all minimally invasive spine surgeries are successful.

What Are the Steps Involved in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

A highly-experienced spine surgeon with a team of skilled medical staff performs minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS). MISS has different specifics depending on the area of the spine being treated and other variables. What to anticipate from your operation might be best explained by your surgeon.  Here are the steps involved in minimally invasive spine surgery:

  • You’ll be put under general anaesthesia before the surgery so that you won't feel discomfort, and the procedure will go smoothly.

  • The specialists utilise advanced imaging technology such as pre-operative CT scans or MRI to generate a 3D model of the patient's spine that helps in planning the procedure.

  • Throughout the procedure, a medical professional will closely monitor your vital indicators, such as your blood pressure, pulse, and heart rate.

  • Your surgeon makes one or more tiny incisions (half-inch long) on your back and a tiny metal tube or endoscope is inserted to provide the surgeon with a narrower operating field.

  • Your surgeon then performs the necessary spine repairs using Robotic-arm. Once the surgery is completed, stitches or staples are used to seal the wound or incisions. On the wound, a tiny bandage is applied.

Patients with minimally invasive spine surgery often stay in the hospital for 3 to 5 days. The overall amount of time needed to heal varies from person to person and relies on your spinal condition.

Advantages of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Here are some advantages of minimally invasive spine surgery: 

  • Rapid Recovery

Patients don't need a lengthy hospital stay. Several minimally invasive procedures can be carried out in outpatient clinics. Patients recover more quickly and can resume normal activities earlier.

  • Tiny Incisions

This procedure results in less harm to the muscle and surrounding tissue. Less blood is lost, and the body experiences less trauma. Scarring is less obvious, resulting in more aesthetically attractive cosmetic effects.

  • Minimal Discomfort

The smaller incisions cause less discomfort. Throughout their healing, patients shouldn't need much pain medication.

  • Fewer Complications

All operations carry some risk, but there may be fewer issues with minimally invasive procedures. The incisions are considerably smaller, which lowers the risk of infection. Patients become less reliant on painkillers.

Are There Any Risks Involved with Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery? 

Even minimally invasive procedures have some risks, such as infection at the surgical site or blood loss during surgery, necessitating a transfusion. However, it is rare and can be managed simultaneously during the procedure. 

Minimally invasive surgical procedures can be quicker, safer, and less painful than open spine surgery because the muscles and soft tissues have suffered less damage compared to available procedures. Consult a spine care hospital Bangalore if you require minimally invasive spine surgery. 

FAQs on Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

  • Which Illnesses can Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Treat?

Herniated discs, spinal stenosis, spinal abnormalities, and spinal tumours can all be treated with minimally invasive spine surgery.

  • What is the Procedure for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

Minimally invasive spine surgery employs specialised instruments and techniques to treat spinal problems. The surgeons give small incisions and use endoscopic tools to reach the spine and treat the afflicted area with minimal injury to surrounding tissues.

  • What are some of the Advantages of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

Compared to traditional open surgery, the advantages of minimally invasive spine surgery include smaller incisions, less discomfort, less blood loss, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times.

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