Dr. Prince Gupta

Consultant - Orthopaedics

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Reviewed by

Dr. Prince Gupta

Consultant - Orthopaedics

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

All About ACL Reconstruction Surgery: Steps of the Procedure and Recovery Tips

Reviewed by:

Dr. Prince Gupta

Posted On: Dec 20, 2023

blogs read 6 Min Read

All About ACL Reconstruction Surgery

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), one of the four primary ligaments in the knee, plays a crucial role in maintaining knee stability and preventing excessive movement. However, ACL injuries, often caused by sudden changes in direction or twisting motions, can significantly disrupt knee function and lead to pain, instability, and potential re-injury. When conservative treatment options fail to provide adequate relief, ACL reconstruction surgery emerges as a viable solution to restore knee stability and functionality.

At Manipal Hospital, we have the best orthopaedic surgeons in Gurgaon, who are experts in performing ACL reconstruction surgery and can guide you in your recuperation journey. Our facility is well-equipped with the latest machines through which the surgeons can perform a wide range of diagnostic and curative procedures. Continue reading to learn about all the diverse aspects of the procedure. 

Understanding ACL Reconstruction Surgery: A Glimpse into the Procedure

ACL Repair Surgery involves replacing the torn ACL with a graft, typically taken from another tendon in the body. The ACL reconstruction procedure is commonly performed arthroscopically, a minimally invasive technique that utilizes small incisions and a camera to visualize the surgical site. The surgeon carefully prepares the graft, inserts it into the knee joint, and secures it in place using specialized sutures or anchors.

Preparing for the Surgery

Before embarking on the surgical journey, it's essential to undergo thorough preparation to optimize the chances of a successful outcome. This includes:

  • Consultations with your Surgeon

Discuss your medical history, lifestyle, and expectations to ensure the surgery aligns with your individual needs.

  • Preoperative Physical Examination

Your surgeon will assess your knee joint's range of motion, strength, and stability.

  • Diagnostic Imaging

X-rays and MRIs provide detailed images of the knee joint to assess the extent of the ACL injury.

  • Lifestyle Modifications

Quit smoking, adjust medications as advised, and prepare for potential dietary changes to promote healing.

To know more, visit the the best orthopaedic hospital in Gurgaon.

The Road to Recovery: Navigating the Rehabilitation Phase

Following ACL reconstruction surgery, a dedicated rehabilitation program is paramount to regain knee strength, flexibility, and function. This typically involves:

  • Initial Phase (0-6 weeks)

Focus on pain management, reducing swelling, and regaining basic range of motion.

  • Intermediate Phase (6-12 weeks)

Gradually increase strength, stability, and proprioception exercises.

  • Return to Activity Phase (12-26 weeks)

Begin sports-specific training and gradually increase intensity under supervision.

  • Maintenance Phase (beyond 26 weeks)

Continue strength and conditioning exercises to maintain long-term knee health.

Potential Complications and Risks

While ACL reconstruction surgery is generally safe and effective, there are potential complications to be aware of, including:

  • Infection

Proper wound care and antibiotic prophylaxis can minimize infection risks.

  • Hematoma (Blood Clot)

Early mobilization and compression stockings can help prevent blood clot formation.

  • Reinjury

Strict adherence to rehabilitation protocols and gradual return to activity reduce reinjury risks.

  • Quadriceps Atrophy

Active quadriceps strengthening exercises are crucial to prevent muscle loss.

Recovery Tips for ACL Surgery

ACL reconstruction recovery tips are as follows:

  • For the first few days after surgery, you will need to rest your leg as much as possible. You can apply ice to your knee for 20 minutes at a time, several times a day. Compressing your knee with a bandage or compression sleeve can help to reduce swelling. Elevating your leg above your heart can also help to reduce swelling. 

  • You may also need to take medication to prevent blood clots. Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions carefully when taking medication.

  • Make some modifications to your home to make it easier to get around after surgery. This may include removing clutter, installing grab bars in the bathroom, and using a shower chair.

  • Eat a healthy diet that is high in protein and calcium to help your body heal. You may also want to take a vitamin D supplement, as vitamin D is important for bone health.

  • Get plenty of rest after surgery. This will help your body heal and reduce fatigue.

  • Do not participate in any activities that could re-injure your knee, such as running, or jumping. Wait until your doctor tells you it is safe to resume these activities.

Book a consultation with our expert orthopaedic surgeon in Gurgaon to know more about the cost of ACL surgery in Gurgaon. You may also explore our official blog page to read the latest blogs shared by doctors on various topics related to health and nutrition.

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