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Consultant - Paediatrics & Child Care

Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad

Types Of Paediatric Allergies: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Tips

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Posted On: Apr 12, 2024

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Paediatric Allergies Treatment: Common Childhood Allergies

Does your little one sniffle endlessly during spring, break out in hives after a bite of pizza, or struggle to catch their breath during playtime? If so, you're not alone. Pediatric allergies are on the rise, impacting millions of children and leaving parents feeling overwhelmed and confused. This blog is your one-stop shop for navigating the maze of pediatric allergies. Pediatric allergies can impact a child's quality of life and require proper management. We'll demystify common allergens, explore the latest pediatric allergy treatment options, and offer practical tips for managing symptoms and keeping your little adventurer safe and healthy. We have also added some prevention tips shared by our best paediatric allergy specialist in Ghaziabad, that can guide you in dealing with paediatric allergy.

An overview of common Childhood Allergies types with their Symptoms and Treatment Options

Food Allergies

  • Symptoms: Skin reactions (hives, eczema), respiratory issues (wheezing, cough), digestive issues (vomiting, diarrhoea), anaphylaxis (severe, life-threatening reaction).

  • Treatment: Strict avoidance of trigger food, antihistamines for mild reactions, epinephrine injector for anaphylaxis risk, potential for oral immunotherapy in specific cases.

Skin Allergies

  • Types: Eczema (atopic dermatitis), contact dermatitis, allergic rash.

  • Symptoms: Itchy, red, inflamed skin, dry patches, blisters, scaling.

  • Treatment: Moisturizers, topical corticosteroids, antihistamines, the potential for allergy shots or immunotherapy.

Respiratory Allergies

  • Types: Hay fever (allergic rhinitis), allergic asthma.

  • Symptoms: Sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, itchy eyes, cough, wheezing, chest tightness.

  • Treatment: Avoidance of triggers, nasal corticosteroids, antihistamines, leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs) for asthma, allergy shots or immunotherapy.

Insect Sting Allergies

  • Symptoms: Localized swelling, redness, itching, potential for anaphylaxis in severe cases.

  • Treatment: Avoidance of stings, epinephrine injector for anaphylaxis risk, potential for allergy shots or immunotherapy.

Medication Allergies

  • Symptoms: Skin reactions, respiratory issues, digestive issues, anaphylaxis.

  • Treatment: Identifying and avoiding the culprit medication, and prescribing alternative medications.

Prevention of Allergies and Asthma in Children

While completely preventing allergies in children is often not possible, several strategies can help reduce the risk and potentially delay their onset. Here are some key tips:

  • Early Introduction of Allergens

Recent research suggests introducing common allergens like peanut butter, eggs, and dairy early and regularly between 4-6 months of age, under medical supervision, may decrease the risk of developing allergies to them. Consult our experienced paediatrician in Ghaziabad to determine if this approach is right for your child.

  • Breastfeeding

Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months and continued breastfeeding alongside complementary foods for at least 1 year can offer some protective benefits against allergies and other immune-related conditions.

  • Dietary Modifications

For mothers at high risk of allergic children, consider a low-allergen diet during pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, always consult a healthcare professional before making any dietary changes during these crucial periods.

  • Minimise Exposure to Environmental Triggers

    • Reduce dust mites: Wash bedding in hot water weekly, use allergen-impermeable mattress covers, and minimise plush toys in bedrooms.

    • Control pet dander: Bathe pets regularly, keep them out of bedrooms, and consider air purifiers with HEPA filters.

    • Limit second-hand smoke exposure: This is a significant risk factor for allergies and asthma.

  • Maintain a Healthy Gut Microbiome:

Encourage a diverse gut microbiome through a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and fermented foods. Probiotics may also be beneficial but consult your paediatrician first.

  • Other Factors

    • Avoid unnecessary antibiotics: Discuss alternative treatments with your doctor when possible, as overuse can disrupt gut health and potentially increase allergy risk.

    • Maintain a healthy weight: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of developing allergies.

Navigating pediatric allergies can feel like an uphill battle, but you're not alone. Staying informed, adopting preventive measures, and consulting the our paediatric doctors at the best paediatric and child care hospital in Ghaziabad can empower your child to thrive despite allergies. Explore our official blog page to read the latest blogs written by our experienced doctors. 

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