When do solid tumours require surgery?
Solid Tumours surgery in Yeshawanthpur, Bangalore may be needed in two situations.
Identifying the type of tumour is the first step in diagnosing it. The procedure is called a biopsy or diagnostic surgery.
To treat your child's solid tumour, removing as much of the tumour as possible is necessary.
A doctor may be able to remove all or most of the tumour from the first surgery, thereby avoiding the need for a second procedure.
An examination by a Biopsy
Your child's doctor may want to study the tissue if they need to know more than what the scans indicate. Biopsy or diagnostic surgery is what's used to get that piece of information. In addition to the tissue that's removed, a biopsy is also done.
Several methods are available for performing biopsies. Based on the tumour's location, you will know which kind your child has.
Biopsies with needles
Surgical Needle Biopsy and Interventional Radiology (IR) are two methods of performing needle biopsies. Needles can be used in two ways to biopsy your child.
By way of the skin.
As a result of open surgery, surgical procedures like this are always carried out in the operating room. Surgeons perform needle biopsies of tumour masses during this procedure.
Your child's pathologist will be waiting for the biopsy specimen to obtain it. A pathologist immediately examines the tumour under a microscope to tell the surgeon what type it is. Occasionally, pathologists will examine the biopsy in the lab.
It may be possible for your child to have only local anaesthesia during a needle biopsy. A local anaesthesia is injected by the surgeon to numb the area for the biopsy. A sedating medicine or keeping your child awake may cause sleepiness, and your child may feel sleepy afterward.
Biopsies performed during surgery
A cut might be necessary to get to the tumour of your child's surgeon. General anaesthesia will be administered here to put your child to sleep. Your consent will be sought before and after any surgery on your child.
It is usually possible for one parent to accompany the child into the operating room. When your child falls asleep, you can stay close to them.
An MRI or CT scan taken by a paediatric radiation oncologist can help the surgeon pinpoint the tumour's exact location. The surgeon uses an instrument, often a needle, to remove a small piece of the tumour. An entire tumour can sometimes be removed, or a doctor can remove a large part.
The surgeon may perform other procedures on your child while they are asleep. The doctor may examine the lymph nodes or bone marrow for cancer. The surgeon may also insert a port for the oncologist to give chemotherapy after surgery.
Solid Tumour Treatment after Biopsy
A treatment plan will be mapped out as soon as the multidisciplinary team comes up with a diagnosis. To develop a project, we need the following information,
An estimate of the tumour's size
Result of the biopsy
How much tumour remains
Whether the lymph nodes contain cancer cells, as blood travels in blood vessels, lymph node fluid travels throughout the body in vessels. It is easier for cancer to spread to other parts of the body if cancer cells are present in the lymph node.
An indication of whether the tumour has spread. Does it only affect nearby areas, or has it spread further?
Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery are usually used in treating solid tumours.
As well as the type of solid tumour, pathologist findings, and your child's health history, your child's team determines whether these treatments should be ordered and how strong they should be. Book an apppointment at Manipal Hospitals now.