Children, especially infants, require special care and diagnosis as they undergo rapid physical and mental development at early stages. The branch of medicine dedicated exclusively to children is called 'paediatrics'. The paediatrics branch involves the overall care and well-being of infants, children and adolescents from birth to age 18. Paediatric specialists are doctors who specialise in diagnosing, preventive care and treating long-term and acute disorders in children. If the child requires advanced treatment, then paediatric specialists will recommend your baby to paediatric surgeons who perform surgical procedures to treat complex medical conditions.
A highly renowned team of medical professionals and neonatal doctors will take care of sick infants in NICU and work around the clock to ensure the well-being of newborn babies. At Manipal Hospitals, Yeshwanthpur, state-of-the-art and best-in-class NICU units are run by specialized expert neonatologists along with respiratory therapists, dieticians, nursing experts, and other advanced medical professionals to deliver the best care for ill infants. Book an appointment at our best multi-specialty hospital in Bangalore.
Newborns are treated with extra care and compassion in NICU units. These units are equipped with hi-tech apparatus and advanced healthcare equipment managed by a panel of neonatal medical professionals. Manipal hospitals, Yeshwanthpur, Neonatology, and NICU center of excellence have a history of successfully treating premature newborns born at as low as 24 weeks of gestation. The controlled atmosphere and advanced medical equipment in NICU will serve the right environment to survive premature and ill babies born with underdeveloped body organs. A variety of newborn medical conditions and disorders are treated in NICU units by specialised neonatal doctors and a panel of pediatric experts.
It is very common for neonates to require blood transfusions while in the NICU. Since neonates are already in a weakened state, blood transfusions are often needed to help the neonate maintain enough blood for circulation. The blood transfusion is done through an intravenous line.
Umbilical Artery Catheterisation, or UAC, is the procedure of placing umbilical catheters inside the newborn for invasive blood pressure monitoring and arterial sampling in sick or ill babies. During pregnancy, the placenta and umbilical cord will ensure the supply of required nutrients to your baby and remove the waste products from your baby's blood.…
Umbilical Vein Catheterisation (UVC) is the process of introducing an umbilical venous catheter into the vein of the baby's umbilical cord. The umbilical venous catheter is the most used central line in neonates and is the preferred venous access route in newborns weighing less than 800 grams. This is an easy procedure as the umbilical venous catheter…
As premature or sick babies can develop potential medical disorders compared to normal infants, an Exchange Transfusion (ET) procedure is performed in neonates suffering from a variety of blood-related disorders and jaundice. The ET procedure involves removing a portion or aliquot of the baby's blood and replacing it with donor blood. This procedure…
Peripheral catheter insertion is the process of inserting an intravenous (IV) line into the vein where a cannula (thin tube) is placed inside the vein for venous access. As premature and sick infants might stay longer at the hospital, they may undergo multiple cannulations in the NICU as a part of neonatal resuscitation. So, the peripheral veins are…
The percutaneously inserted central catheter (PICC – a long, very thin, soft and flexible tube) is used when a baby needs intravenous fluids and medication for a long time, multiple times a day. However, if the PICC catheter or midline central catheter is unable to insert into the baby's veins, then the central line insertion procedure is performed.
Manipal Hospitals, Yeshwanthpur, is a multi-speciality health haven providing comprehensive and holistic health care services. At Manipal Hospitals, every child is treated with care and is provided with various medical services from diagnosis, treatment, surgery, follow-up and post-operative care, overall health check-up and more under one roof. Various…
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect mostly found in premature babies after birth. At Manipal Hospitals, PDA ligation surgery is performed in-house by expert neonatal and paediatric cardiologists. After the surgery is performed, children with fixed PDA will live healthy and normal lives. Generally, all babies are born with an…
Neonatology is the subfield or sub-branch of pediatrics that involves the medical care of newborns. A Newborn under 28 days or four weeks of age is called a neonate. A neonate is at high risk of infections and requires additional support for survival. Babies under four weeks of age are taken care of in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), especially those born prematurely, with low birth weight, congenital diseases, preterm birth, etc. At Manipal Hospitals, Yeshwanthpur, skilled neonatologists assisted by a team of neonatal experts such as respiratory therapists, neonatal nursing experts, and resident physicians will take care of premature and ill newborns and increase the chances of survival of such infants.
Thanks to advancements in neonatal care and the facilities available in the modern NICU, even premature babies that are born with as little as 24 weeks of gestation have significantly increased chances of survival. In December 2018, a baby born at just 245 grams at 23 weeks and 3 days of gestation were able to survive and after 5 months, was discharged from the hospital and is expected to live a healthy life.
Sometimes babies are born without fully developed body systems, which can make survival difficult. The lungs may not be able to breathe, the heart may not be pumping blood effectively, etc. The NICU is equipped with hi-tech apparatus that allows doctors to compensate for the underdevelopment of body systems in pre-term babies or undetected congenital defects, both of which endanger the survival of the newborn.
Illnesses commonly diagnosed and treated in the NICU
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)
Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN)
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
Equipment and services in the NICU - Incubator beds (used to replicate optimal conditions for neonates) - Oxygen hood - Neonatal ventilator - Resuscitation - IV infusion - Blood transfusion - Plasma transfusion - Neonatal health monitors (BP, heart rate, temperature, respiration) - Bedside ultrasound, echocardiogram - Lactation systems - Minimally invasive neonatal diagnostic kits - Transport incubators - Antibiotic treatment NICU Care levels - Level 1 care- For neonates that weigh over 1800 grams with a gestational maturity of 34 or more weeks - Level 2 care-For neonates that weigh less than 1800 grams, but more than 1200 grams, with a gestational maturity between 30 and 34 weeks. - Level 3 care-For neonates that weigh less than 1200 grams with a gestational maturity of less than 30 weeks.
The first challenge for the doctors is to incubate the neonate and maintain stability. After this is achieved, the neonate must be examined, diagnosed and treated for any complications that can threaten survivability. Neonatal nurses, respiratory therapists and lactation experts ensure that the neonate is given the right care and nutrition until it is possible to discharge the patient.
If the newborn's body systems are unable to support it sufficiently, NICU admittance becomes necessary. However, sometimes the neonate is admitted to the NICU to be kept under observation because of complications during birth. Visit our best neonatology hospital in Bangalore to know more.
● Early contractions ● Increased pelvic/abdominal pressure ● Continuous back pain ● Premature membrane rupture (water breaks early)
There are many factors that can contribute to preterm birth, and even those women with no known risk factors can go into labor prematurely. The best thing to do is to be in regular contact with your healthcare provider and to detect possibilities of preterm birth early on. Visit Manipal Hospitals, the best neonatology center in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore to know more.
Due to the potential for pregnancy complications, it is important to be regular with your doctor and to investigate any unusual symptoms at the earliest.
The UAC procedure is performed in neonates or extremely premature newborns for frequent arterial sampling and constant monitoring of the infant's blood pressure. Visit Manipal Hospitals, the best neonatology and nicu hospital in Bangalore to have the best treatment.
While the UAC process is used to draw blood samples from the infant at frequent times, the UVC procedure is used to provide fluids, medication and nutrition to premature babies through the umbilical venous catheter.
The peripheral intravenous (IV) line is inserted into the infant's vein, preferably at the hands, legs, foot, wrist, cubital fossa and lastly, scalp.
The central venous line (CVL) enables intravenous care for the baby for a long time. Usually, it is placed in the child's chest, groyne or neck areas. Consult with our neonatologist in Yeshwanthpur Bangalore to know more about central line insertions.
Patent Ductus Arteriosus is a congenital heart defect mostly found in premature babies where there is an opening between two blood vessels. PDA ligation is performed in neonates to treat the PDA.
Manipal Hospitals is dedicated to ensuring the best possible care for all its patients. The high-quality, life saving care provided to our patients in the NICU's is a testament to this.
Contact us for more information on our NICU and book an appointment with one of our Neonatal specialists today.