Infants, children, teens, or young adults who suffer from a paediatric emergency require immediate medical attention. Ingesting a foreign object or poison can cause paediatric emergencies.
Children's unique needs, particularly those requiring immediate medical attention, are widely recognized. When a child needs close medical attention, whoever notices it must administer first aid procedures while emergency medical personnel are on their way. Hence, adults with children in their homes should know how to perform basic first aid procedures and what to look for during an emergency.
A fully equipped hospital emergency department and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are also necessary to handle these cases. A child's health depends on the availability of the right staff, doctors, and medical equipment.
Symptoms and causes
Various factors can contribute to a paediatric emergency. Medical problems include severe allergic reactions, persistent high fevers, dehydration, infections, and seizures. A paediatric emergency can also include a fracture, burn, head injury, or severe bruising caused by falls or automobile accidents.
Continual High Fever
An underlying medical condition usually causes a fever. The majority of the time, fevers do not pose a health concern. However, children suffering from fever exceeding 104F may experience seizures, which is why they need immediate medical attention. The symptoms may also indicate a life-threatening infection.
Shortness of Breath
A child who has difficulty breathing or stops breathing altogether is considered a medical emergency. Any first responder, regardless of training, should check the child's breathing for obstructions and attempt first aid.
Convulsions or Seizures
High-grade fevers and other underlying medical conditions may cause seizures or convulsions. When a child has a known medical condition that can cause a stroke, their parents or guardians should be familiar with the immediate response procedures.
A minor injury like a cut, a bite, or a sprain may not result in an immediately life-threatening condition. However, they have still considered emergencies because of their potential to escalate quickly.
SIDS is also considered a paediatric emergency, although the cause of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. There is no way to determine the cause of the death, even if an autopsy is performed. If possible, avoid smoking or using intoxicating substances during pregnancy, and use soft crib bedding.
Parents and guardians of children who are in charge of providing first aid to their children should be trained in administering first aid. First responders should only attempt to provide emergency assistance if they have received medical training. It would be best to contact emergency personnel if that is not possible.
In case of paediatric emergency services in Yeshawanthpur, Bangalore and if you lack medical training, you should follow these steps,
Breathe normally and calm yourself down
Be aware of any imminent dangers
You can describe the situation by phone, if necessary, after assessing the situation.
Ensure the child's breathing is not obstructed by any visible obstructions
Further instructions can be obtained from Emergency Medical Services
Every doctor does not handle paediatric emergencies. It is best to consult an emergency paediatric physician when these situations arise. The physician will first use the Paediatric Assessment Triangle (PAT) to assess the problem. A systematic assessment, such as the PAT approach, is necessary in some cases because the most visible injury is not the most serious.
There are three key features to consider when assessing a child's cardiopulmonary health: appearance, breathing function, and skin circulation. A stethoscope, blood pressure monitor, pulse oximeter, or any other device is not used in this procedure. It is performed directly by observation without aid from any devices.
When assessing a paediatric emergency, it is most important to evaluate a child's appearance. A doctor at Manipal Hospitals would want to assess these specific factors to consider Tone, Interactiveness, Consolability, Look, and Speech (TICLS).