It is a wonderful experience for a mother to give birth to a baby. The mother and baby go through a lot of physical and emotional changes, and leaving the mother's body requires a lot of physical adjustment for the baby. The placenta and blood supply of the mother no longer provide vital nutrients to the baby after birth.
Infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have preterm births, low birth weights, perinatal problems, congenital abnormalities, respiratory disorders, neuromuscular disorders, or have had thoraco-abdominal surgery. A NICU has advanced life support equipment and a team of doctors and nurses who know how to take care of newborns. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Yeshawanthpur, Bangalore is present in Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
When do babies need Neonatal Intensive Care?
Neonatal Intensive Care may be needed for,
Babies who are born from complicated labour.
Birth complications in babies like breathing problems, infections, birth defects, or if the baby needs immediate surgery
Babies with low birth weight.
Multiple births, twins, triplets, etc.
When a baby's organ systems change because of a lack of oxygen.
Birthing of babies with the buttocks first (breech birth).
When the baby's first stool (meconium) passes into the amniotic fluid during pregnancy.
When the umbilical cord wraps around the baby's neck (nuchal cord).
Babies born in caesarean delivery or with the use of forceps.
In the first 24 hours after birth, babies usually go to the NICU. The medical team will guide you about how long they expect your baby to stay in the NICU.
Other factors related to the mother that can cause the requirement of Neonatal Intensive Care for the babies are,
When the mother is under 16 or over 40 years of age.
When the mother uses drugs or alcohol.
When the mother has diabetes.
When the mother suffers from hypertension (high blood pressure)
If the mother loses a lot of blood.
If the amniotic fluid is too little or too much.
If there is an early rupture of the membranes.
Team of Medical Professionals in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Specially trained healthcare providers may care for your baby,
Neonatal doctor: A paediatrician who specialises in sick and premature babies. In the NICU, neonatologists supervise paediatric fellows and residents, nurse practitioners, and nurses.
Fellowship in neonatology: This is a paediatrician receiving specialised training on sick and premature babies. The child's care may be instructed by them.
Resident in paediatrics: They help direct your child's care and treatment procedures. Book an appointment today for a consultation.
Nurse practitioner for newborns: Nurses who specialise in newborn care. Besides doing procedures, they can help you with your kid's care.
A therapist who deals with breathing: Specially trained to give respiratory support. They manage breathing machines and oxygen as well.
Dieticians: Dieticians ensure that babies are getting a sufficient amount of nutrition. Baby's vitamins, minerals, and protein intake are monitored by them.
The Pharmacists: Pharmacists help care providers pick the right medicines for newborn babies. They make sure the medicine is at the right level and dose. If there are side effects, they let the team know.
For high-risk newborns, members of the NICU team work closely with their parents to create a plan of care.