Kawasaki disease is a heart-related ailment that leads to inflammation within the blood vessels(vasculitis) in children. If the coronary arteries are affected, it can lead to serious heart diseases. The disease can be handled well if detected early.
If left untreated, it may damage the walls of the blood vessels causing them to balloon out. This phenomenon is known as an ‘aneurysm’. If the treatment is given within the first ten days, then this damage can be avoided. Kawasaki disease Unit in Yeshawanthpur, Bangalore is present in Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
Some predisposing factors toward the disease are
Age group: It usually occurs in kids below five years of age.
Sex factor: Males (boys) are more predisposed to acquiring this disease than females (girls).
Ethnic origin: Since it is mostly seen in Asian children, those of Asian descent are also likely to acquire the disease.
Groups: Although the cause of this disease is not yet determined, it is seen to take place in clusters within communities.
Season: The sickness is mostly seen to occur in the winter and spring times. This is probably due to the low temperature experienced during these seasons.
Signs and symptoms of the disease
The symptoms are seen in phases and come on quite fast. The major symptoms of the disease experienced are listed as follows. These symptoms are often seen in the first phase of the disease.
High temperature above 101° F. The fever does not subside even after administering an antipyretic that normally lowers the high temperature.
Strawberry (red) tongue, which is often swollen.
Redness in hands and feet with swelling.
Rash in the groyne, chest and legs. It may be accompanied by peeling of the skin too in these areas.
Glands in the neck are swollen.
Redness in the eyes.
Irritation in the mouth, lips and throat.
During the second phase, the severity of the illness increases if the treatment hasn’t begun.
Vomiting, diarrhoea and stomach cramps.
Pain in the joints such as knees, hips, neck, etc.
Severe peeling of the skin.
Sometimes, the affected kids can develop complications such as,
Inflammation of the muscles within the heart (Myocarditis).
Uncommon rhythms of the heart (dysrhythmia).
Damage to the heart valves (mitral regurgitation).
Internal bleeding and heart attack.
Treatment Procedures of the disease
Treatment of the disease is to be done within the first ten days in order to avoid any coronary artery problems. The treatment of the disease is done with the following remedies.
Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid is administered to the child in order to decrease the fever, swelling in the joints and rash. The drug is administered in high doses at first and then lowered subsequently. It may be continued in decreased doses for many weeks thereon to avoid the formation of blood clots.
Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) is administered intravenously through a catheter continuously for many hours soon after the diagnosis. This treatment decreases any damage to the blood vessels and also reduces the body temperature. Book an appointment today for the best treatment facilities.
Diagnosis of the disease is made when the child has persistent fever for at least five days continuously along with the rash, red tongue or other symptoms mentioned. An EKG, ECG, blood tests and urine analysis are also performed to confirm the disease.