What is Endourology?
Endourology is a branch of urology in which minimally invasive procedures are used to carry out surgical procedures within the urinary tract. An endoscope is a primary instrument used to view internal abnormalities before operating on them.
Miniature cameras along with surgical tools, lasers, retrieving baskets, etc. are inserted through the endoscope which is a thin and flexible tube. This is inserted through the urethra into the urinary tract and used for surgery. Endourology in Yeshwanthpur is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
The advantage of this type of surgery is that there is no residual scar on the skin as no incision is made. There are no risks of getting an infection on the skin and is thus beneficial for diabetic patients or others who are easily prone to infections.
Common Endourological Procedures
This is when the upper urinary tract is examined minutely with the help of an instrument called the ‘Ureteroscope’. This is inserted inside the outer urethra into the bladder and finally through the ureter. Any medical conditions of the ureter are analysed here like stones (calculi) or tumours.
It is also called keyhole surgery as a keyhole incision is performed within the abdomen or any of the specific pelvic cavities.
This is where the endoscopy of the urinary bladder is performed in order to operate on bladder calculi or tumorous growths. Also, this type of endoscopy helps in the removal of prostate tissues that have overgrown or are obstructive. This form of surgery is called ‘Transurethral Resurrection of the Prostate’ (TURP). Plastic tubes known as ‘stents’ which are flexible are inserted into the ureter in this cystoscopy procedure and any blockage is effectively removed.
It is a surgical procedure that is used for the removal of stones or tumours present in the lining of the kidneys.
It is a type of surgery performed within the urethra to remove any blockages inside.
It is a type of keyhole examination of the pelvic region via a keyhole incision. It is performed on the abdomen region to reach the kidneys or bladder.
It is a surgical laparoscopy that is performed on the pelvis in order to conduct surgery on any of the organs within.
In order to perform an endourological procedure on a patient, an appointment with an endourologist is good for evaluation. The right type of procedure will be decided by the laparoscopist available too. Those conditions that may be improved with an endourological procedure include the following,
Tumours within the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, etc.
Stones within the urinary bladder.
Any blockages within the ureters and urethra.
An enlarged prostate gland in males.
Endourological procedures are used for the treatment of various kidney-related diseases. The different procedures involved within this branch of surgery help in the recovery and preventive measures that may be taken. Book an appointment at our multi-speciality hospital today.
These surgical procedures are done within a short time duration and so are classified into outpatient procedures. A hospital stay is generally not needed and you can leave the same day. Only if the disease is complex then an overnight stay may be unavoidable. Some unavoidable conditions may be the location of the stones, any complications, multiple tumours, etc.