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Minimally invasive Spine and Brain Surgery

Minimally invasive surgery in Yeshwanthpur

Minimally invasive spine and brain surgery employ procedures that need minimal incisions. This form of surgery, also known as endoscopic brain surgery, takes a less invasive approach to the issue than typical craniotomy brain surgery.

Minimally invasive spine surgery

Minimally invasive spine surgery, also known as less invasive spine surgery, is a surgical procedure to cure spine problems such as lumbar discectomy, decompression, and spinal fusion. In this procedure, surgeons used specially designed equipment to operate the spine through small incisions. 

The significant advantages of this surgical procedure are:

  • Smaller incisions and less pain.

  • Less blood loss.

  • Fewer stays in the hospital and speedy recovery.

  • Less damage to the muscles and the other ordinary structures in the spine.

  • Minimal scar tissue formation.

  • Improved cosmesis.

  • Less collateral damage.

The surgeon might advise minimally invasive spine surgery in a few of the following cases:

  • Lumbar spinal stenosis

  • Spinal tumours

  • Degenerative disk disease

  • Spinal deformities, such as scoliosis

  • Spinal dislocation, including spondylolisthesis

  • Herniated disc

  • Vertebral compression fractures

  • Spinal infections

Procedure

Minimally invasive spine surgery fusions and decompression procedures are performed using many techniques. The most popular among them is a tubular retractor. Here is a step-by-step process given below:

During this procedure, the surgeon creates a tiny incision and pushes the tubular retractor through the skin and soft tissues down the spinal area. This forms a tunnel to the small area where the surgery needs to be performed in the spine. The tubular retractor keeps the muscles open and is kept in the same spot throughout the surgery.
The surgeon approaches the spine using tiny instruments that fit through the centre of the tubular retractor. All the essential devices such as screws or rods are inserted through the same incision. It requires over one retractor or incision in some surgeries.
The surgeon is guided by fluoroscopy to keep the incision and insert the retractor. It shows real-time X-ray images of the patient’s spine on a screen. During surgery, they can see critical structures of the spine through the microscope. 

Minimally invasive Brain Surgery

Minimally invasive brain surgery, also known as endoscopic brain surgery, treats the different types of tumours within the human skull. Neurosurgeons perform these surgeries using small incisions through which they accurately and safely remove tumours or correct issues in the brain with minimum damage to the surrounding tissues.

They are less invasive to the body, can achieve the best result, and offer fast recovery. It involves advanced techniques and innovative modern instruments to perform the surgery safely and effectively recover the patients. Several minimally invasive brain surgeries are available today, such as craniotomy, neuroendoscopy, etc. 

These surgeries allow the surgeon to approach the various tumours and malformations through tiny incisions on the patient’s scalp. 

The key advantages of minimally invasive brain surgery are:

  • Less pain and speedy recovery.

  • Less impact on the appearance of your scalp and hair.

  • Less numbness on the scalp.

  • Small incision and lower scars. 

  • Lower risk of infection.

The surgeon might advise minimally invasive brain surgery in some of the following cases:

  • Brain cysts or tumours.

  • Cushing’s disease.

  • Epilepsy.

  • Blocked arteries.

  • Brain aneurysms.

  • Parkinson’s disease.

  • Pituitary tumours.

  • Hydrocephalus.

  • Stroke.

Procedure

To perform minimally invasive brain surgery, the neurosurgeon will choose the best way to access the spot where the surgery needs to be carried out using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the patient’s brain. It can be performed by making an incision below the eyebrow, through the nostrils, behind the ear, or through other tiny incisions in the skull. The latest image-guided surgery technologies, including fluorescent ultrasounds, periscopes and advanced endoscopes with high-resolution video cameras, are used to perform the surgery accurately.

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