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Laminectomy

Laminectomy Treatment Hospital in Yeshwanthpur

Laminectomy is a surgical procedure that entails removing a little section of the rear part (lamina) of the spine's small bones (vertebrae). It is a surgical procedure that enlarges the spinal canal to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.

A laminectomy helps ease pressure on the nerve roots or spinal cord that may have been caused by a herniated disk, injury, tumours, or canal narrowing (spinal stenosis). This surgical procedure is considered after other medical treatments have failed to solve these issues.

Neck and lower back pain can quickly go from dull, mild, and annoying to severe, persistent, and disabling. Spinal distress can even restrict an individual's ability to move and function. In such cases, a laminectomy may be performed to ease pressure on the spinal nerves, remove a tumour from the spine, treat a disk problem, and provide relief to the patient. Visit the best Neurosurgery Hospital in Yeshwanthpur today for the treatment.

Why is the procedure performed?

One of the most common reasons for undergoing a laminectomy is a herniated disk in one's spine. The disk may be damaged or displaced due to wear and tear or injury and cause severe pain when pressed on the spinal nerves. In extreme cases, it might even cause weakness and numbness. The weakness and numbness are felt in the parts which involve the nerves, often the legs or arms of the individual. Sciatica is the most common symptom of a herniated disk, which is caused by a sharp, shooting pain along the sciatic nerve. It extends from the buttocks to the thigh and down the back of the leg.

A laminectomy is performed only when other medical treatments for the pain have not shown any signs of improvement. Some medical treatments for such severe pain are:

  • Medicines such as anti-inflammatory medicines, muscle relaxants and pain relievers.
  • Changes in activity.
  • Physical therapy, physical rehabilitation or both.
  • Spinal injections.
  • Weight loss (in case of obesity).
  • Occupational therapy.
  • Assistive devices, like mechanical back supports.
  • Smoking cessation.

Laminectomy is performed for neck or back pain that continues after medical treatment. It is also performed in cases when the pain is accompanied by symptoms of nerve damage, like weakness or numbness in a person's arms or legs. Loss of bladder or control from pressure in the lumbar or cervical spine also usually requires surgery.

Procedure

An individual getting a laminectomy will usually require to stay at the hospital. The procedure is performed while the patient is unconscious under general anaesthesia. The surgery might also be performed while the patient is awake, under the influence of spinal anaesthesia. In case spinal anaesthesia is used, the patient will have no feeling at all from the waist down. 

In the surgery, the surgeon removes the bony arch of the patient's posterior part of the lamina to relieve the pressure on the nerves in that area. It might involve removing bone growths or spurs or removing part or all of a disk altogether. In a few cases, the surgeon may also do spinal fusion simultaneously, in which two or more bones are connected in the patient's spine.

Post-procedure Care

Once the surgery is complete and the patient is back at home, it's essential to keep the area of the surgical incision clean and dry. The healthcare provider will provide specific bathing instructions, and the stitches or surgical staples will be removed during a follow-up visit to the doctor. Laminectomy Treatment Hospital in Yeshwanthpur is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.

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