A discectomy is a surgical procedure that removes abnormal disc material pressing on a nerve root or the spinal cord. It entails removing a portion of an intervertebral disc, causing pain, weakness, or numbness by putting strain on the spinal cord or radiating nerves.
A discectomy is an excellent option for treating pain that goes down the arms or legs from a compressed nerve. However, this surgery is less helpful for treating the kind of pain that's only felt in the neck or back. Most individuals with neck or back pain find relief with other treatments, such as arthritis medication, weight loss, or physical therapy.
Why is the procedure performed?
A surgical procedure of discectomy is performed to relieve the pressure a herniated disk (also called a ruptured, slipped disk prolapse or bulging disk) puts on the spinal nerve. A herniated disk happens when some of the softer matter on the inside of the disk leaks out through a slit or crack on its outer lining. To have a better understanding on the procedures, visit the best disectomy treatment hospital in Yeshwanthpur.
A neurologist might also recommend discectomy in the following instances:
Traditional treatment, such as steroid injections or physical therapy, fails to improve symptoms even after six to 12 weeks.
Nerve weakness hinders walking or standing.
Pain moves into the buttocks, arms, legs, or chest and becomes too severe to manage.
A neurologist will suggest discectomy if other nonsurgical treatments have failed or symptoms continue to worsen. A discectomy can be performed in several ways, out of which most surgeons prefer the minimally invasive method. A minimally invasive discectomy uses tiny incisions and a minuscule video microscope or camera to observe the procedure.
Neurosurgeons generally perform discectomy using general anaesthesia, so the patient undergoing the procedure will not be awake during it. In the surgery, the part of the disk that has been compressing the spinal nerve is removed. However, a little bit of ligament and spinal bone might also be needed to be removed in order to reach the herniated disk.
In case the entire disk has to be taken out, the surgeon may need to replace it with another piece of bone — taken from the patient's pelvis or a deceased donor — or use a synthetic bone substitute. The adjoining vertebrae are then fused with metal instrumentation.
Results and Post-procedure Care
A discectomy significantly improves herniated disk symptoms in most individuals that display acute symptoms of a compressed nerve, such as shooting pain down the legs. However, it is also essential to note that the surgery does not actually provide a lifetime of relief as it doesn't cure the cause of the disk becoming herniated or injured in the first place.
After the surgery is done, the patient is monitored by the healthcare team for any post-surgery complications or side effects of anaesthesia. A short stay in the hospital might be needed for those with other major medical conditions. Other patients are usually discharged after a day or two of the surgery. The surgeon will also outline post-surgery instructions for a progressive recovery. Depending on the amount of walking, lifting, and sitting at their job, the patient shall be able to return to work in about two to six weeks. Book an appointment with us and move towards a healthy future.