Neuromuscular and multiple sclerosis clinic and services are provided to analyse, diagnose, and treat patients with neuromuscular diseases.
Neuromuscular diseases are those that affect muscle function due to problems with the nerves and muscles in an individual’s body. One of the most common signs of these diseases is muscle weakness. With advancements in clinical and laboratory research, there have been notable improvements in diagnosing and treating people with neuromuscular disorders.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic (long-lasting) disease of the central nervous system. It is considered an autoimmune disorder, a condition in which the body attacks itself by mistake. One of the things about MS is that it is an unpredictable disease that affects people differently. While some people may only have mild symptoms, others may lose their ability to write, see clearly, walk, or even speak when communication between the brain and other body parts becomes disrupted.
In multiple sclerosis, the myelin, a fatty tissue that surrounds and protects nerve fibres, is destroyed in many areas. The loss of myelin forms scar tissue called sclerosis, and these destroyed areas are also called lesions or plaques. Electrical impulses can be carried to and from the brain when the nerves are damaged in this way. Book an appointment today to know more about the treatments.
Causes of Multiple Sclerosis
MS can be caused due to a number of factors, including:
Infectious agents, such as viruses
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
The symptoms of MS are not very easily predictable. They can range from mild to severe and be short-term or long-lasting. The symptoms may appear in different combinations, depending on the area of the nervous system that has been affected. Each individual may show signs of different symptoms. The following are the most common ones:
An abnormal feeling or pain, such as prickling, numbness, or pins and needles (paresthesia).
Pain and loss of vision because of swelling of the optic nerve (optic neuritis)
Red-green colour distortion.
Blurred or double vision.
Some other symptoms may be:
Muscle weakness in the arms and legs
Spasticity, the involuntary increased tone of muscles that leads to spasms and stiffness.
Trouble with coordination. The individual may have problems walking or standing. They may also be wholly or partially paralysed.
Physical activity may bring fatigue, but it may go away with rest. However, the individual may have constant tiredness that doesn't go away.
Loss of sensation
Bowel and bladder problems
Changes in sexual function
MS diagnosis and treatment
There is no specific test available to diagnose MS, but neuromuscular and multiple sclerosis clinics can make a diagnosis by following a careful process to rule out other causes and diseases. Visit Manipal Hospitals for neuromuscular disease treatment in Yeshwanthpur to diagnose MS. For diagnosis, the following two factors must be true:
The individual has had two attacks that were at least one month apart. When any MS symptoms show up suddenly, it is counted as an attack. It can also be if any of the MS symptoms keep getting worse for at least 24 hours.
The individual has more than one area of damage to the central nervous system myelin.
MRI, cerebral spinal fluid analysis, blood tests and evoked potentials may be used to evaluate a person for multiple sclerosis. Although there is no concrete cure for MS, neuromuscular clinics can help treat flare-ups, manage symptoms, change disease course, and improve the patient’s function and mobility.
Treatments for the conditions seen with MS may include:
Equipment such as canes, braces, or walkers
The complications of multiple sclerosis range from mild to severe. Talking with family and healthcare providers about what is needed is best advised.