What Are Neurological Emergencies?
Neurological emergencies are serious illnesses that involve the neurological system of the body, such as the brain, spinal cord, optic and olfactory nerves, and all nerves outside the central nervous system. Severe or sudden-onset neurological conditions are the most prevalent reasons for hospitalization.
Conditions that require emergency diagnosis and care:
Strokes happen when blood supply to the brain is disturbed, either because of a clot obstructing blood supply to a region of the brain or bleeding into brain tissue. Twitching of one side of the face, weakness in one arm and/ or leg, difficulties with balance, trouble speaking or understanding speech, sudden intense headache, visual abnormalities and loss of consciousness are the symptoms of a stroke.
Sudden-onset of Severe Headaches
Meningitis, brain hemorrhaging, and acute migraines can be the reason for severe headaches.
Convulsions are associated with loss of consciousness and severe muscular spasms. Convulsions are synonymous with epileptic seizures. Both are linked to abnormal brain electrical activity.
Fainting is characterized as a brief loss of consciousness. It can be caused by several factors, including abrupt reductions in blood pressure, renal or hepatic malfunction, and epilepsy.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome is a limb weakness that happens as a result of a viral disease. During the disorder, antibodies destroy nerve membranes and fibers. This could lead to a neurological emergency.
Myasthenia gravis is a neuro-muscular condition that causes persistent tiredness and muscle weakness. Double vision, trouble swallowing, and unstable mobility are all symptoms of myasthenia gravis.
Procedures and Tests for Neurological Emergencies
Initially, the neurologist performs some tests to examine brain and nerve function. The results of these tests direct for further treatment. Visit Manipal Hospitals and get to know more about the best treatment for neurology emergencies in Yeshwanthpur. The neurologist can review image scans, specialized examinations or blood tests including:
The doctor will do several tests you are acquainted with, such as monitoring your heart and examining your blood pressure. A neurological test will also be performed to see how a probable stroke is impacting your nervous system.
Several blood tests can be performed on you, including tests to determine how quickly your blood clots, whether your sugar levels are high or low, and whether you have any illness.
A CT scan creates a comprehensive image of your brain by using a sequence of X-rays. A CT scan can display an ischemic stroke, brain hemorrhage, tumor, or other disorders. Doctors inject a dye into the circulation to better visualize the blood arteries in the brain and neck.
An MRI creates a comprehensive image of the brain by using strong radio waves and a magnetic field. An MRI can spot brain tissue that has been injured by an ischemic stroke as well as brain hemorrhages. To visualize the arteries and veins and emphasize blood flow, the doctor can inject a dye into a blood vessel.
After the completion of the assessment, your neurology treatment can include:
Medication therapy, which is usually used as the initial treatment
Treatment for stroke, traumatic brain damage and other medical disorders.
Physical therapy for neurological disorders’ rehabilitation.
Minor diagnostic methods include myelography and spinal tap.
Depending on the severity of the problem, treatment and prevention differ. The neurologist will consult with you to develop a treatment plan that suits your requirements and cure your neurological illness. Book an appointment today to consult with our neurology experts.